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6 And Yahweh spake unto Moses, saying,
7 The daughters of Zelophehad speak right: thou shalt surely give them a possession of an inheritance among their father's brethren; and thou shalt cause the inheritance of their father to pass unto them.
These five women reflect the minds of the five wise virgins of Yahweh's parable (Mat. 25). They had prepared their claim, desiring their inheritance, and thus anticipated the joy of "entering into their possession."
Their names reveal some characteristics: Mahlah means 'Sickness;' Noah (a different word from that in Gen. 6) means 'Movement;' Hoglah means 'Cry of a partridge;' Milcah means 'Queen;' Tirzah means 'Delightsomeness.'
Not only did these women come to Moses and Eleazar, but also "they stood before the princes and the whole congregation, by the door of the tabernacle" (v. 2). Consider the courage of these sisters, who in their actions of claiming the inheritance typify the ecclesia of all ages. -GEM
11 And if his father [av] have no brethren [achim], then ye shall give his inheritance [nachalah] unto his kinsman [closest relative] that is next to him of his family [Mishpakhat], and he shall possess it: and it shall be unto the children of Israel [Bnei Yisroel] a statute of judgment [chukkat mishpat], as the Lord commanded Moses [Moshe].
The statutes recorded in the Book of the Covenant were supplemented during the course of the wilderness wanderings by many additional regulations designed to cover special contingencies. We have an obvious example of this in the various inheritance laws which were promulgated from time to time.
Zelophehad died leaving five daughters but no son to succeed him. The daughters petitioned Moses [Moshe] and Eleazar for "a possession among the brethren of our father". God approved of their request and a law was issued regulating this and related cases.
Not long afterwards their petition was followed by another, one presented this time on their behalf by some of the Gileadites, which resulted in the promulgation of the law of territorial inheritance (Num. 27 : 1-11 ; 36: 1-9). The one arrangement, like the law of levirate marriage (Deut. 25 : 5-10) which in purpose bore a close affinity to it, ensured that a man's name was not "done away" from Israel, and the other that "the children of Israel may enjoy every man the inheritance of his fathers".
Their practical purpose is evident ; but so also is their didactic aim. They served to remind each individual Israelite, whatever his circumstances, of the greatness of the honour of being a member of the Covenant People, and of the preciousness of his heritage: they gave him a proper sense of values, and bade him at all costs prove worthy of his high calling and retain his membership of the nation, being "an Israelite indeed".
Law and Grace Ch 6
17 Which may go out before them, and which may go [will come] in before them, and which may [will] lead them out, and which may [will] bring them in; that the congregation [Adat] of Yahweh be not as sheep [like tzon] which have no shepherd [no ro'eh].
True to his character and care for Yahweh's people, Moses prayed that Yahweh will set a man over the congregation that they be not as sheep that have no shepherd. By comparing John 10:1-16, where Yahweh Yahshua says that he is the Good Shepherd, Moses' words were certainly prophetic. - GEM,
18 And Yahweh said unto Moses [Moshe] , Take thee Joshua the son of Nun [Yehoshua Ben Nun], a man [ish] in whom is the spirit [Ruach (HaKodesh)], and lay thine hand [ yad (for s'michah)] upon him; [Zech 6:11-12];
Joshua's name means: 'He who will be Salvation' (from the same root as the Hebrew name of Yahshua: Yahoshua). His father's name (Nun) means 'Perpetuity,' from the root 'springing forth' -- thus, resurrection. The names together spell: 'He who will be salvation, through the resurrection.' Thus it is through the atoning sacrifice that life is obtained. There is no other way. - GEM,