2 CORINTHIANS 3
1 Do we begin again to commend ourselves? or need we, as some others, epistles of commendation to you, or letters of commendation from you?
Self-commendation, with which he had apparently been charged by some in Corinth, we know was farthest from Paul's nature and desires. And yet he was a special, chosen vessel, and he knew it, and he had to proclaim it as part of his message. He had to establish his authority and apostleship.
It was a very difficult and trying position, especially as there were always those who were eager to seize upon any apparent indication of self-glorification.
Some in Corinth questioned Paul's authority to instruct and correct them. But, he says, answering their criticism, why should I need any evidence of authority, why should I need any letter of recommendation?
2 Ye are our epistle written in our hearts, known and read of all men:
You yourselves are my letter of authority. You are a letter from Christ, delivered by me, written with the Spirit of God on the hearts, for all men to read in your way of life.
It is a beautiful and sobering thought: each ecclesia is a letter written by God to men.
Bro Growcott - Sorrowful Yet Rejoicing.
3 Forasmuch as ye are manifestly declared to be the epistle of Christ ministered by us, written not with ink, but with the Spirit of the living God; not in tables of stone, but in fleshy tables of the heart.
Where the truth has possession of the sentiments, setting them to work and so forming the thoughts, it becomes the law of God to them which the apostle styles "the law of his mind;" and because it is written there through the hearing of "the law and the testimony," which came to the prophets and apostles through the Spirit, he terms it, "the law of the spirit" (Rom. 7:23; 8:2) inscribed "on fleshly tablets of the heart "; and "the law of the spirit of life," because, while obeyed, it confers a right to eternal life.
Elpis Israel 1.3.
7 But if the ministration of death, written and engraven in stones, was glorious, so that the children of Israel could not stedfastly behold the face of Moses for the glory of his countenance; which glory was to be done away:
8 How shall not the ministration of the spirit be rather glorious?
Each true saint is a part of the living Word of Life. This leads him to a comparison between the Old (Mosaic) Covenant, engraved on dead stones-the ministration of condemnation and death; and the New Covenant, written by the Spirit of God on the living hearts of the regenerated believers.
If the giving of the first was so glorious an event (v. 7) that Moses had to cover his face to protect Israel from the radiance of the reflected glory of what he had experienced, how infinitely more glorious is the New Covenant - the ministration of righteousness and life!
And this leads him to that beautiful verse at the end of chapter three that is so full of practical instruction in the way of holiness-that expresses, in fact, the only possible hope of success-
"We all, with unveiled face beholding as in a mirror the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, by the Spirit of the Lord."
Bro Growcott - Sorrowful Yet Rejoicing.
17 Now the Lord is that Spirit: and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty.
Writing about body, the apostle says, "there is a natural body, and there is a spiritual body." But, he does not content himself with simply declaring this truth; he goes further, and proves it by quoting the words of Moses, saying, "for so it is written, the first man Adam was made into a living soul and then adds, "the last Adam into a spirit giving life (1 Cor. 15:44-5).
Elpis Israel 1.2.
20. What is IMMORTALITY?
Incorruptible body in living action; or life manifested through an incorruptible body. The Deity, who is the life, is the only being in the universe who has it underived from anything exterior to Himself. (1 Tim. 6:16.)
21. What is the relation of the resurrection-earthy body to the resurrection spiritual body?
Its relation is that of a "terrestrial" inferior body to a "celestial" superior body; bearing a similar relation the one to the other, that the acorn does to the oak.
22. What is the transition from the lower terrestrial body to the higher celestial, or heavenly, termed?
It is an ascent, in which the subject of the ascension is exalted and "RAISED" from the one to the other. (John 19:17.)
23. What was the Body that came out of Joseph's sepulchre?
The same that was crucified, died, and was buried there -"out of the earth, earthy." An earthy body is not consubstantial with the Father, who is Spirit. At the emergence from the tomb, there was inequality of substance between the Father and the Son.
24. What was necessary in order to remedy this imperfection?
It was necessary that the Body which had come forth, and which is the example that illustrates "the Way," should be "made perfect" by ascending to the Father, in the twinkling of an eye.
25. Are the ascent and the assumption of Jesus the same?
No; they occurred forty days apart. The assumption of Jesus was the taking of him up into heaven, where he now is. (Acts 1:11.)
26. What did the crucified body become on its instantaneous ascent to the Father, on the third day?
It became "the last Adam for a spirit-imparting life." (1 Cor. 15:45.) He was "made both Lord and Christ." (Acts 2:36.) He became "the Lord from heaven." (1 Cor.15:47.) "The Lord the Spirit" (2 Cor. 3:17); and "the exact likeness of the Father's substance." (Heb.1:3.)
27. What is it to be "clothed upon with the house which is from heaven?"
To be "swallowed up of life."
28. At what time does the swallowing-up of life occur?
After the coming forth of the earthy body from the grave, and after it has subsequently passed the scrutiny of the judgment.
29. What does Paul say it is that, after coming forth from the grave, is swallowed up of life?
"THE MORTAL"-to thneton: his words are, "that the Mortal might be swallowed up of life." (2 Cor. 5:4.)
30. By what other form of sound words does he express the same thing?
By the words in 1 Cor.15:53, "this corruptible must put on incorruption, and THIS MORTAL (to thneton touto) must put on immortality:" incorruption and immortality are vestments to be put on to a corruptible and mortal thing.
31. What is "the mortal" and "the corruptible" he refers to in these texts?
It is not to dust and ashes in the grave, for they are neither corruptible nor mortal. He refers to what he plainly expresses in Rom. 8:11, where he says "The Spirit of Him who raised the Christ from the dead, shall also quicken your mortal bodies:" to thneta somata. Dust and ashes resulting from decomposition, are not mortal bodies.
18 But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord.
In Jesus, then, raised from the dead, incorruptible, and clothed with brightness as when He was transfigured upon the Holy Mount (Matt. 17:2), we behold the image and likeness of the God. When we contemplate Him by faith, as we shall hereafter by sight, we see A MIRROR from which the glory of Yahweh is reflected in intellectual, moral, and physical grandeur.
He that would know God must behold Him in Christ. If he be acquainted with Him as He is pourtrayed in the prophets and apostles, he will understand the character of God, whom no man hath seen, nor can see; who chargeth His angels with folly, and before whom the heavens are not clean. Jesus was the true light shining in the darkness of Judea, whose inhabitants "comprehended it not." Through Him, God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, shone into the hearts of as many as received Him, to give them the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ; that so they might receive power to become the sons of God, believing on His name (2 Cor. 3:18,4:6; John 1:5-12).
How consoling and cheering is it, then, amid all the evils of the present state, that God hath found a ransom, who is willing and able to deliver us from the power of the grave; and not only so, but that "at the manifestation of the sons of God " (Rom. 8:17-25), when He shall appear in power and great glory, "we shall be like Him: because we shall see Him as He is" (1 John 3:2). Then will the saints be "changed into the same image from glory," now only a matter of hope, "into glory," as seen and actually possessed, "even as the Lord " Himself was changed, when He became "the spirit giving life," or "a quickening spirit."
Elpis Israel 1.2.