1 And the word of Yahweh came unto me, saying,
2 Son of man, set thy face against Gog, the land of Magog, [the prince of Rosh -RV] of Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy against him,
1. Gogue I. was a foreigner; Gogue II. will be one likewise, belonging to the Ros, and not to the Germans;
2. Gogue I. became sovereign in fact, though not de jure [from the law or by right]; Gogue II. will become sovereign in fact by conquest;
3. Gogue I. became ruler in a time of confusion, because the native princes could not maintain order; weakness of the sovereigns, and anarchy of the people, will precede the de facto sovereignty of Gogue II. also;
4. Gogue I., though exalted to the highest post of honour and power, short only of the legitimate sovereignty, was precipitated from his high estate by a violent death. This is also the destiny of the prophetic Gogue, who is to "come to his end, and no one shall help him." [Dan. 11:45]
1. Gogue, or the prince of Ros, is king of Meschech and Tubal, therefore he is king of the north geographically; those countries being north of the Holy Land, which, according to the covenant, extends to Amanus and the Euphrates;
2. Gogue is to invade the land of Israel "from the north parts" [Ezek. 38:15 (see vs. 6)] and "in the latter days;" [Ezek. 38:16] and the king of the north is to enter into the same country at the same time; therefore, as they come against the same enemy and at the same time, they must be one and the same power;
3. The Libyans and Ethiopians belong to Gogue's army; and Daniel testifies, that "the Libyans and Ethiopians are at the steps of the king of the north," [Dan. 11:43] that is, they march among his troops;
4. Hostile tidings come to Gogue from Sheba and Dedan eastward; and from "the Merchants of Tarshish and the young lions thereof" [Ezek. 38:13] northward; so also, "tidings out of the east and out of the north," says Daniel, "shall trouble the king of the north;" [Dan. 11:44]
5. Gogue is to "fall upon the mountains of Israel," [Ezek.39:4] where he and his multitudes are to be buried; so the king of the north having encamped "between the seas in the glorious holy mountain," the hill-country, "comes to his end" there, with "none to help him:" [Dan. 11:45] and,
6. Gogue unexpectedly encounters the Lord God in battle on the mountains of Israel, and the king of the north contends with Michael the great prince, who standeth up for Israel, and delivers them: they are both defeated and deprived of dominion by the same supernatural power.
The power styled "God" by Ezekiel is to be mishmar, or protector of bodies politic occupying certain countries indicated by the terms Magog, Rosh, Meshech, Tubal, Gomer, Persia, Cush, Libya, and Togarmah. These names indicate peoples of the east, south, north, north-west, and west of Palestine. Gog is to be a guard or protector of these, and to lead them up to battle against Jerusalem, that they may be punished there for their enormous iniquity at the hand of Israel's king.
Now, it must be evident to the merest tyro, that before Gog can lead these peoples against the Holy City he must establish his protectorate over the west.
Herald of the Kingdom and Age to Come, Dec 1854
3 And say, Thus saith Adonia Yahweh; Behold, I am against thee, O Gog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal:
Son of man, set thy face against an Autocracy, against the land of Magog, or Scythia, against a prince of Rosh, Meshech, and Thubol, or the Czar of all the Russias, and prophesy against him, and say, Thus saith the Lord Yahweh, Behold I am against thee, O Gog, the Scytho-Autocratic Power, administered by the Prince of Rosh, Meshech, and Thubol, and I, even I, will repulse thee.
Herald of the Kingdom and Age to Come, March 1855
4 And I will turn thee back, and put hooks into thy jaws, and I will bring thee forth, and all thine army, horses and horsemen, all of them clothed with all sorts of armour, even a great company with bucklers and shields, all of them handling swords:
The turning back is affirmed of Gog as the Assyrian invader of the Holy Land in the Latter Days. It is the Gog of Gomer and of Persia, Lybia, and Khush who is to be turned back. The Czar of Rosh, Meshech, and Thubol, has not yet attained to that position in the prophecy. When he becomes the Gog of Gomer, Persia, &c.,
"an evil thought will come into his mind, and he will say, I will go up to the land of unwalled villages, &c."
His purpose will be to bring the whole country into permanent subjection to his dominion, according to the old policy of his predecessors the kings of Assyria, Egypt, and Babylon. But as in their case so it will be in his. Their purpose was defeated. The army of Sennacherib was overwhelmed, the great dragon of Egypt was hooked into the wilderness and there destroyed, and the power of Babylon was broken by the Heir.
The language applied to the first and second is similar, and illustrative of that applied to Gog. "Because," said Yahweh,
"thy rage against me and thy tumult, is come up into mine ears, therefore will I put my hook in thy nose, and my bridle in thy lips, and I will turn thee back by the way by which thou camest."
This is said in Isaiah of Sennacherib, whose power, after having passed through the dynasties of the golden, silver, brazen, and iron parts of the Assyrian Image, comes in those latter days to concentrate itself in the clay. The power is one, while the dynasties that have administered it have been several. In Isaiah 27., the power is styled
"Leviathan the piercing serpent, even Leviathan that crooked serpent; the dragon that is in the sea"-"the King over all the children of pride."
This Leviathan is the Dragon of the Apocalypse, ch. 20:2, and styled there, "the old serpent which is Devil and Satan," and which, John says, the Messenger who descends from heaven, εχρατησε, ekratese, subdues or vanquishes; that is, to use the word in Ezekiel, repulses, or "turns back," as it is rendered in the Common Version.
Herald of the Kingdom and Age to Come, March 1855
5 Persia, Ethiopia [Cush - RV], and Libya [Put - RV] with them; all of them with shield and helmet:
Not only is the rebirth of Israel a guarantee of the fulfillment of this next step, but we actually see Gog himself devoting all his resources to building the greatest military and naval power the world has ever known, and openly and avowedly dedicated to bringing the earth under his system.
And even further: his enmity is specifically and especially directed toward that one little land: that little Mordecai who dares oppose him. And with him in enmity stand the red-handed papal power, and Libya and Ethiopia and Assyria, just as prophecy requires. When a recent Pope visited the Middle East, he fawned effusively on the Arabs who want to destroy Israel, but he walked gingerly around the borders of Israel as if he were walking around a deep black hole.
Bro Growcott - Prophecies in the captivity
9 Thou shalt ascend and come like a storm, thou shalt be like a cloud to cover the land, thou, and all thy bands, and many people with thee.
'And he shall pass through Judah [swirl into Yehudah]; he shall overflow and go over, he shall reach even to the neck; and the stretching out of his wings shall fill the breadth of Thy land [eretz], O [Immanu-El]' (Isa 8:8).
The Assyrian was a military, plundering desolator, who boasted of his plundering (Isa. 10:13-14). In more recent times the overflowing Euphrates stood for another plundering desolator, the once-fearsome Turk now dried up and impotent, according to the infallible divine fiat.
Isaiah plainly told Ahaz what his newly-bought "friend" would do: overflow Judah "even to the neck," and "fill the breadth of thy land, O Immanuel." This he did in Ahaz's son Hezekiah's day, up to the neck, but the head was saved by the miraculous destruction of the Assyrian army. This was typical of the victory of Messiah's day, when the latter-day Assyrian would again overflow the land even to the neck.
Bro Growcott - Prince of Peace
10 Thus saith Adonai Yahweh; It shall also come to pass, that at the same time shall things come into thy mind, and thou shalt think an evil thought:
An evil thought
The king of Babylon under the name of Lucifer, as the type of its last ruler in the latter days, is represented in Isaiah 14:13, 14, as threatening to place himself above all earthly rule, with Zion for the throne of his dominion, saying in his heart,
"I will ascend into the heavens, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God, I will sit also upon the Mount of the Congregation on the sides of the north. I will ascend above the height of the clouds."
This ascending of the Assyrian "into the heavens" implies some particular heavens in which he is not previously to his ascent; and that it is the Assyrian of the Latter Days is clear from the testimony that Yahweh says,
"I will break the Assyrian in my land, and upon my mountains tread him under foot: then shall his yoke depart from off Israel, and his burden depart from off their shoulders."
This has never happened yet to the Assyro-Babylonian power, and must therefore be in the future. This saying of Lucifer in his heart is no other than "the evil thought" which is to come into the mind of Gog, impelling him to the invasion of the Holy Land, and the siege of Jerusalem, which will be taken.
He is now beyond the limits of the Roman earth, and consequently not in its heavens, which are the heavens of Daniel's Fourth Beast. But he says,
"I will ascend into them, and above the height of the clouds,"
or powers of those heavens; that is, he will become the Imperial Chief of the Four-Beast dominion, and exalt himself above Israel, with Zion for his throne.
Herald of the Kingdom and Age to Come, April 1855
11 And thou shalt say, I will go up to the land of unwalled villages; I will go to them that are at rest, that dwell safely, all of them dwelling without walls, and having neither bars nor gates,
If the question be asked, Why should Russia invade Palestine? the answer is, It is a necessary step to her acquisition of an empire in the East, by which alone she can hope successfully to antagonize England, and found that universal domain to which she aspires.
...As auxiliary to the same line of argument, the lecturer adverted to the conviction on the mind of the Russian sovereign and people, that they had a "sacred mission" to fulfil in saving Europe from the whirlpool of democratic anarchy and confusion, by the conquest of Turkey, and the capacity thence derived, to govern the world in harmony with Russian ideas of liberty.
The Czar, as the head of the Greek Church, is impelled, too, by certain motives of superstition and of real or supposed state necessity, to fix his capitol in the city of the Czars or Cæsars. He deems himself entitled by hereditary right to succeed to the sceptre of the Cæsars, and a war with Turkey at this day would be regarded by his subjects and by the ten millions of Greeks out of the fourteen millions which form the entire population of Turkey in Europe, as a holy war-a crusade of Christians against infidels, for the recovery of the holy sepulchre and of the ancient rites and institutions of the primitive church.
...Its present condition is significantly expressed by the Scripture symbolography as "the drying up of the great river Euphrates"-the country watered by the Euphrates being the original seat of the Turkish people. This drying up or extinction of the Turkish empire is declared expressly to be "that the way of the kings of the east might be prepared." Rev. 16:12. For centuries past, "westward the star of empire takes its way." But the scene is to be reversed. The original seats of civilization, science, and the arts, are to be restored.
As the "wise men from the east" came to herald the birth of the Messiah at his first advent, so, at his second appearing, it is "the kings of the east"-"The kings from the rising of the sun," as it is better translated-who are to greet the coming of the King of kings and Lord of lords; and with loud hosannas proclaim their adoration, saying: "Great and marvellous are thy works, Lord God Almighty: just and true are thy ways, thou King of saints. Who shall not fear thee, O Lord, and glorify thy name? for thou only art holy: for all nations shall come and worship before thee; for thy judgments are made manifest."-Rev. 15:3, 4.
The lecturer concluded by saying, that the signs of the times seem to indicate the rapid approach of that great crisis in human affairs long foretold in Scripture, when three great champions were about to enter the lists and strive for the government and dominion of the world. These were Despotism, Democracy, and Omnipotence. The struggle between the first two would be fearful but brief-Democracy would be forced to succumb to the power of standing armies, to the force of organization which would be hurled against it; that Despotism, proud of its conquest, would fondly indulge its dream of universal sovereignty.
Its delusion will be brief, and its catastrophe overwhelming, for it is not for mortal man to grasp the sceptre of universal dominion. That is an inheritance that God has reserved for his King at his right hand in the heavens. Hence it is written, "All kings shall bow down before him-all nations shall serve him-His name shall endure for ever, and men shall be blessed in him-all nations shall call him blessed," for he is King of kings and Lord of lords-Governor of the nations upon earth, and "Prince of the kings of the earth.-Ps. 72.; Rev. 1:5.
Herald of the Kingdom and Age to Come, Feb 1854