1 And Yahweh said unto Moses, Hew thee two tables of stone like unto the first: and I will write upon these tables the words that were in the first tables, which thou brakest.
See Ex 33:22 The cleft rock representing the Abrahamic covenant
Another, and a
"better covenant, established upon better promises" (Heb. 8:6),
was being inaugurated while the old was passing into dissolution. The clouded heavens of the Mosaic Aion were broken through, by the "light of the Gospel of the glory of the Anointed One": and the opening up of the new and living way, for the covering of sin by the way of the cross.
This new covenant, was shadowed forth at Sinai: at the time of Moses' second ascent, with the two new tables of stone. There was represented to him, that in the breaking up of the first covenant, the true propitiatory would be found within the shelter, represented by the Cleft Rock, and the Name of Yahweh. For, around that rock, the goodness, the glory, the name, and the personal presence of Yahweh's messenger were representatively encircled.
Sis Lasius - Yahweh Elohim
4 And he hewed two tables of stone like unto the first; and Moses rose up early in the morning, and went up unto mount Sinai, as Yahweh had commanded him, and took in his hand the two tables of stone.
... it is not impossible to see some miniature analogy to great dispensational events.
The original stones were divinely provided, as well as divinely inscribed. They were broken in anger at the end of the "thou-shalt-make" stage. They were replaced, not by a newly-created set of stones, angelically provided like the first, but by stones that Moses was directed to "hew" for himself and bring up for the writing.
The substituted stones were provided at the middle or ascension stage, when Moses went up to intercede for Israel; and they were brought down from the Mount in a finished state, on the occasion when the face of Moses shone, just before the "and-he-made" stage.
There is a parallel to these things discernible in the course events have taken in connection with the operations of the Lord's law among men, whether we take it racially or as regards His dealings with Israel. Racially, God "made man upright", as Solomon testifies (Eccles. 7:29); "very good", as Moses declares (Gen. 1:31). This involves the conclusion that He imparted to him the knowledge of His law: for, otherwise, he could not have been very good.
Whether the knowledge was imparted by inspiration or by oral instruction, the result was to write the law "not on tables of stone, but in fleshy tables of the heart" (2 Cor. 3:3). These tables of the heart were divinely provided in the creation of man, and divinely inscribed in the process of his enlightenment.
When apostasy occurred, they were thrown down and broken in the judgment that passed upon all men. Then by the prophet like unto Moses new tables are hewn from the old material, to be presented to the Father for the writing of the new name: that is, men and women from the condemned race are hewn into shape by the work of Christ through the apostles, and presented by them for the embroidering work of the spirit, which will so write itself into their nature as to be both a principle of physical incorruption and a power of mental conformity to the divine archetype in all things, and, therefore, a
"law written in their hearts".
The Adamic tables thus re-written will be handed down for law from God to the human race at the coming of Christ, whose countenance will be
"as the sun shining in his strength" (Rev. 1:16).
Law of Moses Ch 12
6 And Yahweh passed by before him, and proclaimed, Yahweh, Yahweh El, merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth,
The manifestation of the Deity is not merely for habitation purposes, but for glory and dominion. This is indicated by "the Name," and "the Name of the City," or "New Name." Thus it is written in Psal. lxxix. 9,
"Help us, 0 Elohim of our salvation, in the matter of the Glory of thy Name: and deliver us, and cover over our sins for the purpose of thy Name."
Moses styles it "the glorious and fearful Name, YAHWEH ELOHEKHAH"(Deut. xxviii. 58); concerning which David says in Psal. lxxii. 19,
"Blessed be YAHWEH Elohim, the Elohim of Israel ... and blessed be the Name of his Glory for Olahm; yea, all the earth shall be filled with his glory."
The glory of the Deity is intellectual, moral, and physical, all of which is covered by his name, which expresses what he really is.
Thus, "His name is Jealous;" that is, "He is jealous;" "His name is holy;" that is, "He is holy;" and "His name is YAHWEH Tzavaoth;" that is, He who spoke to Jeremiah is He who shall be of armies, which is the meaning of the Name.
Thus, "the Name of the Deity" in scripture signifies every thing that He is as revealed therein.
God is not merely an intellectual, He is also a moral Being.
all His works must glorify Him, they must redound to His praise as a merciful and gracious, a just, holy and truthful Being. The sun at noon-day, the moon walking in brightness, and the stars in their courses, illustrate this eternal power and superhumanity; but it is only His relations with intellectual and morally constituted creatures, the image and likeness of Himself, that can illustrate His moral glory, and redound to the honour of His name.
Seeing that God hath rejected the principle of stern necessity and immediate physical perfection, there remained but one other according to which He could officer His kingdom and empire, and at length fill the globe with an order of beings "equal to the angels." Upon this principle He has worked from the foundation of the world to this day.
He made man a reasonable creature and capable of being acted on by motive, either for weal or woe. He placed him under a law which required belief of God's word and obedience. He could obey, or disobey, as he pleased; he was "free to stand and free to fall."
He disbelieved God's word; he believed a lie, and sinned. Here was voluntary disobedience; hence, the opposite to this is made the principle of life, namely, belief of whatsoever God saith, and voluntary obedience to His law.
This is the principle to which the world is reprobate, and to a conformity with which all men are invited and urged by the motives presented in the Scriptures, even all who would inherit the kingdom of God, and afterwards inhabit the earth for ever, on an equal footing with the angels of the universe.
...The law of the Lord is perfect, and without a single exception. There are no "perhapses" or "maybes;" it is not "yea and nay, but amen in Christ Jesus." The only way to the kingdom of God and to a participation in the eternal constitution of the world, is in the path of a faithful obedience to the law of God.
Now from these testimonies it is plain that to attain the rank of sons of God in the eternal world -- where, indeed, all are sons, without exception -- human beings, without respect to, age, sex or condition, must believe and obey the truth; for
"without faith it is impossible to please God."
This rule provides for no exceptions, but declares the principle without qualification. If faith, then, be required, it is manifest that God designed to move men by motive, not by necessity, but by intellectual and moral considerations.
Elpis Israel 1.6
What headway are we making in preparation for becoming part of the Cherubim to manifest the glory of the goodness of God? Jesus said repeatedly that the reward is for
"him that overcometh."
What have we really overcome? What have we put away? Is the preponderance of our interest and affection in natural or spiritual things? What about patience, cheerfulness, kindness, largeness of heart, and returning good for evil? What do we mostly talk about? -the things of God, or the things of the flesh?
ARE WE BIG ENOUGH for this great destiny, the manifestation of the glory of God?
Bro Growcott - The Cherubim of Glory
"Merciful, gracious, longsuffering, abundant in goodness, forgiving iniquity, transgression and sin."
This is how God chooses to manifest Himself. This is the aspect that He emphasises. This is His basic character and will.
He makes every effort to get men to put themselves into the channel of His goodness; to accept His blessings; to seek His help and comfort and mercy and forgiveness. All the emphasis is upon joy and reconciliation, but-He will by no means clear the guilty.
Bro Growcott - Mercy
7 Keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and that will by no means clear the guilty; visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children's children, unto the third and to the fourth generation.
The apparent contradiction may be manifested thus: if god by no means clears the guilty, how can He be said to forgive any, seeing it is only the guilty that need forgiveness?
The answer is to be found in the sense attaching to the word "guilty" as used in this connection. It is not in the sense of having committed an offence merely, but in the sense of having done it with guile and without that acceptable repentance towards God, which is the basis of forgiveness and which secured the pardon of David in the most heinous of offences.
Achan may be taken as a type of the guilty that will not be cleared. He deliberately disobeyed a divine injunction through avarice, and made no confession of his sin till found out. Then he admitted the offence that was known and read of all men, but being emphatically "guilty," he was not cleared.
So Korah, Dathan and Abiram, and the man who blasphemed, and the son of the Egyptian woman who presumptuously broke the Sabbath law, were all specimens of the "guilty" whom God will by no means "clear," either under Moses or Christ. There is no provision for the remission of presumptuous sin. Even under the law, no sacrifice was to be accepted for such.
But for those who are not presumptuous, but who on the contrary are broken and contrite in heart, and tremble at Yahweh's word, there is forgiveness. The Mosaic service was one long and perpetually recurring illustration of God's desire to be approached in reconciliation of transgressors.
For all classes of offence (except offences of presumption), forgiveness was stipulated on confession and sacrifice. The offering accepted at the hands of Abel is proof that this dispensation of the goodness of God has been in force from the beginning. Its latest illustration exists in the fact stated by Paul, concerning the appearing of Christ in the flesh, that-
"God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them."
14 For thou shalt worship no other El: for Yahweh, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous El:
The Divine Name defines what the Eternal Spirit is in manifestation.
"Yahweh whose name is jealous is a jealous power."
Here "name" defines what exists. "The name of the wicked shall rot," that is, the glory, honour, power, substance, that exist, constituting the wicked and their attributes, shall perish. Hence, when the Eternal Spirit is fully manifested on earth according to His revealed purpose, that manifestation is "His Name," or the name of Ehyeh, the I-will-be manifestation of the Spirit.
This name was proclaimed to Israel by Moses in the formula so often quoted by the Jews in their controversy with the friends of Jesus, and with the Demons* also, who presume to cry out that they know that he is the anointed Son of God.
In Deut. 6:4, Moses says: Sh'ma Yisraail Yahweh Elohainu Yahweh ekhad.
..."Lord" and "God" do not express the sense of the original. As we have shown already, the word Yahweh or Ehyeh,(1) has not the remotest affinity to the English word "Lord." We must, therefore, reject the above, which are mere paraphrases or transformations, and translate the formula literally, that knowing what Moses really did say, we may be able to understand what he said.
And doubtless, it must be an important proclamation concerning the Invisible One, or he would not have called the attention of the whole nation of Israel to his words. The literal translation, then, is(2)
"Hear, 0 Israel! I WILL BE our MIGHTIES is One I will be!
This is the proclamation in plain English. There is no word in it which is not perfectly intelligible. It announces a Person who shall be; and if you ask Moses who that Person is, he tells you in Exod. 3:14-16, and 6:3, that the person who shall be is that same One who, four hundred and thirty years before was known to Abraham as the Strength of the Mighty Ones who visited him from time to time, and whose messenger appeared to himself in the bush.
This answer is equivalent to saying that the subject of the proclamation to Israel is "One who is, and who was, and who is to come, the Pantokrator,** or Strength of All."
He is while Moses makes the proclamation; He was in Abraham's time, and from an antecedent eternity; and He shall be when He comes as the Prophet like unto Moses. Nothing short of this can be educed from the words of Moses.
Had we lived in the days of Moses, speaking the Hebrew as our mother tongue, his proclamation would have created in us an expectation, that, at some future time, 'He', the Possessor of the Heavens and the Earth, the Most High, who admitted Abraham to His friendship, would appear in the midst of Israel; and that then, consequently, whatever His
name might be called, He would be lmma-nu-ail, "God with us."
*Jesus has left on record an infallible rule by which his friends may be distinguished from the Demons. The rule is expressed in his words, saying: "Ye are my friends if ye do whatsoever I command you." "The Demons" is a phrase, in its application to that signifies those who believe that Jesus is the anointed Son of God, but "do not receive his words," nor do what he commands. This is not the only sense of the word but the sense in which it is used in this place, because the possessed of old confessed, but did not obey the truth. (Dr. Thomas)
(1) "Yahweh or Ehyeh." There is a distinction between Yahweh and Ehyeh. The former signifies "He who will be"; the latter simply "I will be." This distinction is recognised by Dr. Thomas in "Eureka," Vol. 1, pp.99-100. In the latter place he writes:
"The form of the name which subsequently prevailed over Ehyeh, is .... Yahweh .... Yahweh signifying "He who will be" is the memorial name the Deity chooses to be known by among His people. It reminds them that He will be manifested in a multitude . . ." (Publishers).
(2)Yahweh signifies "He who shall be." In "Eureka," Vol 1, p. 100, Dr. Thomas renders Deut. 6:4 as "Hear, O Israel, Yahweh our Elohim is the One Yahweh," that is': "He who shall be our Mighty Ones is the One who shall be." (Publishers).
** The Greek word, "Pantokrator," has been rendered Almighty in 2 Cor. 6:18, and frequently in the Apocalypse. It is derived from "pas," all, and "krateo" to hold, or to have strength; and thus signifies to exercise power or strength over all others; therefore "Almighty."
Phanerosis - Elohim Developed From the Seed of Abraham
30 And when Aaron and all the children of Israel saw Moses, behold, the skin of his face shone; and they were afraid to come nigh him.
The skin of his face shone
But it was a fading glory; there was nothing permanent about it; it was a surface, super-imposed glory—a temporary manifestation of God's glory—a shadowy type of the eternal
"glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ" (2 Cor. 4:6).
Why was it in Moses' face? Because he had appeared before God to plead on their behalf (Ex. 32:11), and through Moses God forgave them and accepted them and entered into a covenant of life with them (Ex. 34:9-10).
They had, by transgression, forfeited God's blessing, and had made themselves subject to His righteous and necessary judgment on sin. God was about to destroy them, but the fervent, effectual prayer of a righteous man saved them.
Someone was found for whose sake God could righteously forgive them, and allow mercy to triumph over justice without destroying or violating justice. So their glory was in the face of Moses their saviour, who brought them a law from God that could lead them back to life.
But they could not see where the glory of the Law lay. They could not see to the end of the Law (vs. 13-14).
"For Christ is the end of the Law for everyone that hath faith."
That is, the discerning eye of faith. They lacked it, and therefore they failed. Whether they fought against the Law or whether they set themselves to obey every jot and tittle, still they failed.
The letter killed them, either one way or the other, because they worshipped and glorified the letter as an end in itself. The law was given to teach them the great wisdom of humility—to lead them to recognize their helplessness and need. They used it to feed their pride and gratify their self-sufficiency.
They forgot the great and culminating yearly sacrifice for sin. . .burned "without the camp."
Are we ever so foolish as to measure ourselves against the perfect law of holiness with even a passing flash of self-satisfaction? Let us look to the end,and not fail like blind Israel. The end and purpose of the law is still the same—to teach us our natural helplessness and to lead us to the power of God in Christ, as Paul so beautifully describes
"We all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, even as BY THE SPIRIT OF THE LORD."
The law of Christ is given so that weak, ugly, animal man may be led to a gradual transformation by the power of the Spirit into the image of Christ.
It is only while, by constant effort, we are keeping our minds and thoughts directly focused on the Divine glory in the face of Jesus that essential process of spiritual transformation occurs. As soon as we look away, it stops.
Bro Growcott - BYT 4. 35