MATTHEW 4
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1 Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted of the devil.

2 And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was afterward an hungred.

"Being forty days tempted of the devil" Lk 4: 2

If his own mind was originating the temptation - why not so during the forty days! 'And WHEN the tempter CAME TO HIM, he SAID' (Matt 4:3)

Tempted of the devil (diabolos). He felt the full force of the cravings of the flesh

"Jesus groaned within himself, and was troubled." (Jhn 11:33)




Jesus was tempted by both the Diabolos and a Satan. These were both concerned in the trial to which he was subjected; and as the one co-operated with the other, they are spoken of as if the same.

Jesus was "led up," or "driven," of the Spirit, into the wilderness "to be tempted of the diabolos; " or that which causeth to transgress, and "hath the power of death" - sin's flesh.

This was subjected to the long abstinence of forty days, at the end of which he felt a hunger that must have been very keen. We all know what would be the promptings of our flesh in a like it situation. "Hunger," it is said, "will break through stone walls." It is very obstreperous, and will do any thing to satisfy itself. If any one had the power, under the pressure of intense hunger, he would convert stones into bread and eat them.

Jesus had that power; and there was one acquainted with the Scripture, introduced himself to his notice at this crisis, and suggested that he should use it. Paul doubtless alludes to this personage in 2 Cor. 11: 14 saying,

"the Satan is transformed into an Angel of Light."

Such an angel is a messenger enlightened in the word, who handles it in such a way as to test the fidelity of others to it. Such an one becomes a Satan in suggesting a course of action in conformity with the promptings of the flesh. And if Deity became Satan to Israel, and to Job, it is not to be denied that an angel may have assumed the same attitude in the case of Jesus Christ.

Eureka 12.15.


The tempter is termed diabolos - a false accuser - therefore it seems questionable whether an immortal angel is the satan. Perhaps an eminent person of the era, supported by a delegation, among which are others well versed in Moses and the prophets - but after the traditions of men.

Considering the type of Job - satan tempted Job, but his three friends added to the temptation by their insinuations and provocations.



5 Then the devil taketh him up into the holy city, and setteth him on a pinnacle of the temple,

And whosoever shall compel thee to go a mile, go with him twain. Matt 5:41



17 From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.

To all suggestions and arguments in support of the idea of Christ being now a king, and the "Church his kingdom," it is a sufficient answer that a king is one whose law is compulsory, and not left to the good will of his subjects; and a kingdom an area in which that law is enforced.

The law of Christ at present is for those who choose to obey; and as for the ecclesia, it is a mere aggregation of candidates for his favour, developed by invitation to "whosoever will."

To call such a state of things a kingdom, and the absent, non-interfering Christ a reigning king, is to play with words.

Worse, it is to hide the truth, and foster ecclesiastical tyranny. The pamphlet is unworthy of serious attention.

The Christadelphian, March 1898



18 And Jesus, walking by the sea of Galilee, saw two brethren, Simon called Peter, and Andrew his brother, casting a net into the sea: for they were fishers.

Tough and strong men - used to physical adversity

How came it that illiterate men moved the world?

Illiterate men could never have done that in the capacity of illiterate men merely. There must have been a cause in operation with their illiterateness, to have produced so great a revolution as that which resulted from their efforts. The New Testament account reveals this cause, and gives the only rational explanation of their movement. They were personal witnesses of the resurrection of Jesus. They declared their personal knowledge, and 

"God worked with them, confirming their word with signs following" (Mark 16:20).

This accounts for their perseverance, and their ultimate success. Take away this element, and you take away the explanation of a great historic fact that no man can gainsay.

Bro Roberts - Was Jesus of Nazareth The Messiah?




19 And he saith unto them, Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men.

Preaching true doctrine is a part, but only a part of this service; it largely includes righteous and benevolent deeds performed in the glory of Him from whom comes all power to perform deeds of any kind, and to whom, therefore, all glory belongs.

Bro Roberts - God a sun and shield