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1 And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince which standeth for the children of thy people: and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time: and at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book.
The name Mi-cha-el signifies who-like-to-Ail, or the Eternal Power; and is applicable to any person, or community of persons, in whom Eternal Power is embodied, and manifested...
The anointed Jesus (not the dead body lying in the sepulchre of the Arimathean Joseph) is eternal power manifested in flesh; and, therefore, AIL, or in Saxon "God." Now Mi-cha-lo? -- WHO-LIKE-TO-HIM among the sons of the mighty? (Psalm 89:6). Therefore, because there is none to compare with him the "child born" and the "son given" to Judah, is styled in Isaiah 9:6, AIL givbor, "the Mighty Power."
Hence, when he appears in power and great glory to put a hook into the jaws of the leviathan, to slay the dragon in the sea, and to raise the dead, it will be said of him, Mi-cha-el? Who like to God? to "Yahweh the Man of War"? Who will contend with him? (Isaiah 50:8), with Jesus, the Eternal's king of the Jews?
Jesus, then, the Son of David and Son of the Eternal Power by David's daughter, is Michael the great Prince of Israel, who comes to redeem his kinsmen and their inheritance, and to break in pieces their oppressors. But as he is not only a single individual, but also one containing many -- a manifold man -- whose symbolical number is 144,000; the many "in him" are constituents of "Michael the Great Prince," who delivers Israel in the time of trouble which transcends all the calamitous periods of human history since the Flood.
Phanerosis - Michael the Great Prince
The war of Ail-Shaddai, which begins subsequently to the resurrection of the holy ones, does not intermit, till all the Kingdoms of imperial Babylon become theirs. As the conquerors of the powers that overcame them in the days of their flesh, the praises of emancipated nations sound the fame of Israel to the ends of the earth. As a nation they become mighty and glorious above all. But if the nation be so great, what may not be expected of those who shall have led the tribes of Jacob to victory and renown, and under the generalship of their commander-in-chief shall have brought the blessings of Abraham upon the world?
Exposition of Daniel.
This "time of trouble" is contemporary with the resurrection of a portion of the dead. It is the epoch of Israel's deliverance, both of the Ishmael, and Isaac, seeds; and of the casting down of the thrones of the beast (Dan. 7:9). The convulsion which effects their overthrow is described by the apostle as "a great earthquake, such as was not since men were upon the earth, so mighty an earthquake, and so great" (Rev. 16:18).
Ascertain the calamities of former ages, and however terrible they may appear, this will exceed them all. The Flood, Sodom, Egypt, Jerusalem, the fall of the Roman Empire, were all judgments which chill the heart, and make the blood run cold to contemplate; but times have now come over the world which will have been hitherto unsurpassed. The wrath of the sixth and seventh vials which remains, is about to overwhelm the nations with "torment and sorrow," for the cup of their iniquity is full.
Elpis Israel 3.3.
The furnace in which Israel will become molten brass is "the wilderness of the peoples," where Yahweh saith He will plead with them face to face; rule over them with fury poured out, and purge out from among them the rebellious, whom He will not permit to enter into the Holy Land to live there in His sight under the government of His King--the Christ (Ezek. 20:33-44).
When thus purged, the Jewish nation will be brass and silver well refined (Mal. 3:2-3). The rebellious dross will be cleaned out, and Anti-Mosaic-Judaism, by which they are now caused to wander out of the way, will have been destroyed from the earth. The refining furnace is the "time of Jacob's trouble," out of which he is to be delivered (Jer. 30:7); and though they are now "prostrate among the cattle pens," they will be "the wings of the Dove covered with silver and her feathers with the brightness of fine gold" (Ps. 68:13).
But the Gentiles are to become molten brass as well as Israel. Their brass, therefore, is also to be gathered into the furnace, that it may be melted and refined in the fire of Yahweh's wrath.
The place of the furnace is also "the wilderness of the people," that wilderness inhabited by the peoples, multitudes, nations, and tongues -- the "many waters upon which the Great Harlot sitteth" -- that John of Patmos refers to in Rev. 17:1,15 -- Portugal, Spain, France, Germany, Italy, Greece, Egypt; and, in short, all being the Meditteranean and Euphratean countries, being the territories of the four beasts of Daniel, constitute the furnace in which the Nebuchadnezzar gold, silver and brass, and iron, and clay--are made to glow with torrid heat of seven-fold intensity; and in which the four men of God -- the Cherubim -- walk to and fro, without hurt, "the fire having no power upon their bodies": as symbolized by Nebuchadnezzar's furnace, and by John's mystical Son of Man, in Rev. 1:15: Dan. 3:19-27.
The melting and refining the Gentile brass in this Babylonian furnace, incandescent with the wrath of Deity, is Daniel's "time of trouble, such as never was, since there was a nation to that same time" (12:1). It is "the day that shall burn as an oven" (or furnace) which shall consume the proud and all that do wickedness, with their anti-Christian Gentilism, by which the peoples are deceived; but which shall have no power for evil against the people represented by Shadrach, Meshach, Abednego, and the one like the Son of God; they shall come forth unharmed, unsinged, unchanged and inodorous of the fire.
For these are the daughters of Zion, to whom the Spirit saith: "Arise and thresh: for I will make thine horn iron, and I will make thy hoofs brass; and thou shalt beat in pieces many peoples; and I will consecrate their spoil to Yahweh, and their wealth to the Adon of the whole earth" (Mic. 4:13). So that while Israel is passing through the furnace under the conduct of the saints, and are themselves being purged from dross, they are also made use of by their commanders as a torch of fire among the sheaves, or a lion among flocks of goats (Mic. 5:8; Zech 12:6), to destroy the power and kingdoms of the world, after the allegorical example of their transit out of Egypt into the land of their inheritance; for though passing under the rod themselves, they became also a rod of iron in the hand of Yahweh for the destruction of the nations, whose iniquity was full.
Phanerosis - And At His Feet As The Aspect Of Glowing Brass
To be acceptable we have to be found written in the book. What is this book that God's people are written in? It is the Book of Life where only the names of those who will receive everlasting life are recorded. On this point we note it is possible to begin well, having our names written therein, and then have them blotted out, to lose the race, because of unfaithfulness. Christ says (Rev. 3:5)-
"He that overcometh, ... I will not blot out his name out of the Book of Life, but I will confess his name before my Father, and before His angels."
This is what should be the utmost in our minds and hearts today. We should be working to keep our names in this Ledger that they be not blotted out, but rather will be confessed before Yahweh, as being among the few who have overcome. *
2 And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt.
3 And they that be wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament; and they that turn many to righteousness as the stars for ever and ever.
The wise, that is the hearers AND doers of the word shall shine: compare Matt 13:43 -
'Then shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Who hath ears to hear, let him hear'.
None can become righteous who are not circumspect of mind, intelligent, or carefully considerate of the divine testimony, which is the meaning of maskilim, translated wise.
Exposition of Daniel.
4 But thou, O Daniel, shut up the words, and seal the book, even to the time of the end: many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased.
Who are these wise who shall shine? It is certainly not those involved with the world's wisdom, but rather those who have become fools for Christ's sake and the Gospel's. These alone are the wise, for their lives are dedicated to true wisdom. They are (Prov. 8:34)-
"Watching daily at wisdom s gates, waiting at the posts of her doors, "that finding her they may find life and obtain favour.
The wisdom of getting wise through daily Bible reading and study cannot be emphasized strongly enough because life depends on it. Away from it, spiritual decay sets in. We begin drifting into satisfaction with this life, content with the formality of the Truth. There is a grave danger of professing to be Christ's while being in league with the world, the enemy of God.
Thus we must be more aware of separateness and holiness, and spend our lives learning God's wisdom, teaching it to others by word and by example. Through this means the wise are described as turning many to righteousness. After the pattern of Christ, they are concerned and active in the work of ministering and helping others, especially their fellow-heirs. They hold out the light of Truth brightly now, and so will be numbered among the class who will shine as stars in the new heavens, teaching and ruling in immortal splendor over a peaceful earth. *
THE WISE SHALL UNDERSTAND:" WHO ARE THEY?
By Dr. Thomas.
THE revealing angel said to Daniel not only that "the wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament," but that "the wise shall understand." But who are "the wise?"
This is a very important question. It is truly a vital question to every one that reads it. As the inquiry is suggested by Daniel, would it not be proper to let him suggest the answer? This I think is expedient. He was told the reason why he could not obtain the information sought: that it was "because the words were closed up and sealed till the time of the end;" which was tantamount to saying that when the time of the end should arrive, the time-words would be no longer closed-up and sealed; that is, they would speak or become intelligible: for in that time many should run to and fro, and knowledge should be increased.
A time has been present with us for several years, during which many have been running to and fro, to the increase of knowledge considerably. As a result of this, Daniel was informed, in effect, that his question would then be solved, and besides was given to know who should not and who should understand it.
"None of the reshaim, unjust, shall understand; but the wise shall understand."
The word reshaim signifies unjustified persons as opposed to tzaddikim, justified persons, who are "the wise;" which accords with the words of Jesus, who substitutes the phrase tzaddikim or righteous, for "the wise," in the text, "Then shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in the Kingdom of their Father." None can become righteous who are not circumspect of mind, intelligent, or carefully considerate of the divine testimony, which is the meaning of maskilim, translated wise.
But if the wise are to be determined by those who can answer the question, "When the end of the time, times, and a half?" where shall they be found? Years ago a multitude of reshaim claimed to be maskilim upon the ground that they could answer the question! They published far and wide that the end would be in 1843? But time has proved that they were reshaim, and not maskilim; for "none of them understood."
Wisdom, however, hath her beginning in the fear of the Lord, which is precisely the alpha with which they omitted to commence their studies. "Children, I will teach you the fear of Yahweh." It is a something to be taught, studied, and acquired. The "The fear of Yahweh is the instruction of wisdom;" that way of acceptance with the Deity which the Spirit of wisdom teaches in the Holy Scriptures. In the days of his flesh, Jesus was "of quick understanding in the fear of Yahweh;" and so are they who besides him are "taught of God;" and it is only they who are thus taught that are recognised as righteous; for of these it is written, "they shall be the taught of God" (Jno. vi. 44-45).
But how did the Deity teach men His fear? In the days of the apostles He taught them through the Scriptures of the prophets, and the oral instructions of the apostles; but since their time, by the Scriptures of the prophets and apostles only; for an apostle says, "The Scriptures are able to make wise to salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus."
And again, he says, "All Scripture given by inspiration of God is profitable for teaching, for conviction, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: that the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works." Here then is the Divine Power for teaching men His wisdom. And what more do men need than to be made wise to salvation, instructed in righteousness, perfected, and thoroughly furnished for the manifestation of good works?
They must study it for themselves, thankfully availing themselves of all the help they can obtain from those who are able to teach others, and who have been taught of God before them. "If any man consent not to the wholesome words of our Lord Jesus, and to the teaching which is according to godliness, he is proud, knowing nothing." Now the Lord Jesus preached the gospel of the kingdom, and commanded all who believed it to be immersed. He prescribed immersion to no one else: because no one could be benefited by it who was not first a Divinely-instructed believer of the kingdom's gospel.
Those who have obeyed this gospel are the tzaddikim, or justified; those who have not obeyed it are the reshaim, or unjustified. Those are not taught of the Deity; their fear of Him, such as it is, is taught them by the precepts of men. The class is very large, and composed of innumerable orders, which, however diversified, have one common characteristic: they are "contentious, and obey not the truth;" they "stumble at the word, being disobedient" (1 Pet. ii. 8.) None of these shall understand.
This is the Divine sentence against them, and accounts for the failure of the many learned writers upon prophecy, to say nothing of the unlearned, in the enterprise of reading correctly the past and future of the world by the light of the prophetic word. Most of them lived too soon, and all of them were ignorant of the gospel; so that being reshaim, with all their learning, they could only demonstrate each other's foolishness, without any of them succeeding in pointing out the truth.
The wise, then, of the time of the end are those who believe "the things concerning the kingdom of God and the name of Jesus Christ;" and have therefore been "immersed into the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit." He who understands these things has laid the foundation of intelligence in the things which Daniel heard but understood not.
The Christadelphian, Oct 1896. p361
4 But thou, O Daniel, shut up the words, and seal the book, even to the time of the end: many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased.
That which Daniel had to shut up and seal has now been opened by Jesus. After his glorification, the times, seasons and details of his reappearance were revealed-
"The revelation of Jesus anointed which God gave to him to show to his servants things which must come to pass speedily."
We, in these last days, are a very privileged class. We have not only the Bible in our hands to study and understand, but have the wonderful writings of bro. Thomas and bro. Roberts who have opened up and expounded the Scriptures in these last days. *
The book of Daniel is to the Apocalypse as the acorn to the oak. The latter is the mystery of Daniel's prophecy symbolically revealed. This mystery of things he ministered he thought much upon, and sought to find out with great diligence, but without success; for he was informed that the mystery was hidden, and could not be penetrated until a time appointed.
As already intimated, Daniel saw a scroll, as indicated in the phrase "the words and seal the book," as well as John. He was told that "the words were closed up and sealed till the time of the end." Hence, these were to Daniel "a scroll at the right of Him seated upon the throne written within and on the outside, sealed up with seven seals." That closed and sealed against Daniel's understanding was the mystery or secret of the words of the book.
But one might inquire, If the mystery were to be concealed "till the time of the end," in what sense can John's apocalyptic scroll and seals be a revelation of the hidden wisdom of Daniel's book, seeing that John's age was not "the time of the end" -- a time which is only just now dawning upon the world? This we consider a very pertinent inquiry. In answer, the reader may be reminded, that the revelation to John was symbolical. He did not see the actual, but only the acted or dramatized events he describes.
What he saw was a pictorial representation, as it were -- a speaking hieroglyphic signifying to his understanding things which in the time of the end shall all have become accomplished facts, so that, in this end "the vision shall speak, and not lie" (Hab. ii. 3). The Apocalypse in its word-painting is the unrolling to the understanding of the servants of the Deity the series of events that should be successively unfolded, and which in their time of the end consummation should manifest as an accomplished result "THE END OF THE MATTER" (Dan. vii. 28).
The scroll had to be unrolled and its seals loosed before the vision it contained could be read and perceived, or intelligibly comprehended, when it should "speak at the end." The speaking at the end truthfully, is what is styled in modern phrase the denouement, a word signifying the discovery of the plot, the unravelling or issue of the matter, termed in Daniel "the end of the matter." This denouement was revealed to him; but the unfolding of the particular series and succession of events thereunto leading, was not made known to him.
He was informed in general terms, that the powers of the fourth beast dominion should make war upon and prevail against the saints until the Ancient of Days should come; and that then the saints should become a power mighty enough to destroy the fourth-beast system of powers; and to set up the kingdom of Deity. In the establishment of which as the great political fact of the age and generation, the denouement of God's dealings with the nations all the time of their ascendancy over the saints, would be manifested.
He was instructed that "the end of the matter" was to be a crisis elaborated providentially from antecedents evolved in the history of the fourth-beast nationalities; but what was the particular vein to be worked out in its several lodes to conduct to the main and terminable results, he did not "see."
In dramatical representation, the spectators behold the unrolling of the author's scroll, as the acting is in progress; but they have to wait till the end of the piece, the time of the end, for the dramatist's conception to "speak and not lie." Unless they have read the play, or seen it acted before, they have to "wait for the end of the matter," ere they can tell how the matter will come out, or what the ingenious dramatist designed should be the end of the whole, or the issue of the plot. It was thus with Daniel and John.
The end of the matter had been revealed to them both. They had read the denouement of the drama to result at the end from all its shifting scenes; but they had never seen nor read the play. The acting had not been revealed to them. In Daniel's time the stage had not been prepared, nor the dramatis personae, the company of performers, collected and arranged in their several parts for the performance of the tragedy to be played.
There was no fourth-beast dominion then; nor any saints who had "washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb" (Apoc. vii. 14) -- to be prevailed against thereby; and without these important parties in the premises, the actual tragedy could not begin; nor could a representation or rehearsal of the performance have come with any enlightening effect upon Daniel's mind, being ignorant as he was of the mystery afterwards revealed in the apostolic ministration of "the word."
8 And I heard, but I understood not: then said I, O my Lord, what shall be the end of these things?
Daniel was so wrapped up in the vision that it grieved him deeply not to be able to understand all that was to take place. He longed, hoped, waited and prayed for the end of these things. Are we deeply moved, seeing so much fulfilled prophecy and living on the brink of Christ's coming? Let us examine ourselves. *
9 And he said, Go thy way, Daniel: for the words are closed up and sealed till the time of the end. Sealed till the time of the end.
It would seem appropriate, that as God had warned Israel by Moses when the time for their deliverance had about arrived, and again by Christ, about forty years before the heavens and earth of their power passed away, that now again "when the time of the promise draws nigh" that all families of the earth should be blessed. God would raise up a messenger to make known His purposes, by unfolding "the vision" that related to that glorious time. The prophet Daniel was commanded to "shut up the words, and seal the book, even to the time of the end."
He was also informed by the angel that "at the time of the end shall be the vision." Habakkuk says, "that at the end, it shall speak, and not lie." From these testimonies we are justified in looking to see whether God has sent anyone to unseal "the book" and make known the vision.
Some forty years ago, a few of the generation that is now passing away, had their attention arrested, and were electrified by the wonderful truths contained in the Bible unfolded to them by Dr. John Thomas. "The time of the end" was rapidly approaching, when in 1838, Mehemit Ali, king of Egypt, pushed at the Sultan or Dragonic king at Constantinople. About this time, Dr. Thomas appeared, and proclaimed "the things concerning the kingdom of God, and the name of Jesus Christ" as the faith which was necessary for a person to have before baptism.
He made plain the book of the prophet Daniel and the revelation that John received on the island of Patmos. He was the first to insist upon a scriptural faith before baptism, in order to salvation; and fearlessly proclaimed that unless a person intelligently comprehended the things concerning the kingdom of God, and the name of Jesus Christ, he could not be of the "One Faith." He proved from the Word of God, that all the sects and denominations of Christendom were ignorant of the "One Faith," and consequently they were in an unsaved condition; and in a state of apostacy from the truth.
That "being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise," having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their hearts, they did not have the "One Hope," without which they could not enter into the Kingdom of God.
He wrote and spoke as one having authority; and as no other one of his generation did. The way in which he massed and grouped Scripture together, unfolding but one harmonious purpose, from Genesis to Revelations, convinced "the few" that the Scriptures were in deed and in truth the Word of God, wholly inspired and infallible. The result of his labour was a preparation of "a people for the Lord," who are now being prepared by severe chastisement and discipline.
Bro AD Strickler
The Christadelphian, July 1887
10 Many shall be purified, and made white, and tried; but the wicked shall do wickedly: and none of the wicked shall understand; but the wise shall understand.
To understand there must be a ready mind, a listening ear-the fear of the Lord. These things are foolishness to the world, therefore the wicked do not understand. If we drift along occupied with the world, we will not understand and will be classed as wicked, of no use to God.*
11 And from the time that the daily sacrifice shall be taken away, and the abomination that maketh desolate set up, there shall be a 1 290 days.
This is 1290 years, 30 years beyond the 1260 of verse 7. By adding 30 years to 1917 we come to 1947, the year Israel declared herself a nation. One year later the UN recognized Israel. Thus it appears we have seen the fulfilment of this verse. *
12 Blessed is he that waiteth, and cometh to the 1335 days.
13 But go thou thy way till the end be: for thou shalt rest, and stand in thy lot at the end of the days.
Daniel would rest, sleeping in the dust until the true saints inherit the Kingdom. Will we be among the few to stand in our lot, prepared for the coming of the heavenly Bridegroom? The answer is in the conduct of our everyday lives in the Truth which has been our great privilege and tremendous responsibility to possess in these last days. *
*Bro David Clubb