Zecharyah 5

1 Then I turned, and lifted up mine eyes, and looked, and behold a flying roll [ hinei a megillah flying!] [curses written thereon].


(Aprox 40 x 20 ft)

In Zech. 5:1. the prophet tells us, that he "turned." In doing this, he occupied an altered position, which caused him to face new objects.

The Lamp and Trees were behind him; and on lifting up his eyes and looking, he beheld

"a roll twenty cubits long, and ten cubits broad, flying."

On this roll a curse was inscribed; it is therefore styled "the curse." The flying of the roll indicated its progress, which became coextensive with the whole earth. The Angel's words express this. In telling the prophet what it signified, he said,

"This is the curse that goeth forth over the face of all the earth."

not of all the globe; but of "all the earth" in the sense of the phrase as it is used in Dan. 2:39; 4:22. In these places, the dominion of Nebuchadnezzar is said to extend

"to the end of the earth;"

and the larger kingdom of the Greeks to bear rule over all the earth; the extent, however, of these two dominions was unequal; and neither of these included the countries now known as China, Burmah, Central India, Russia, Germany, Italy, Spain, France, Belgium, the British Isles and other countries.

We need not, therefore, look for something coextensive with the globe as the significancy of the symbol; but coextensive with that section of it, over which the subject of the symbol prevails. This is "all the earth," in relation to it, though of very limited extent in regard to the globe at large.

The roll contained cursing on both sides upon certain criminals designated as thieves and perjorers. These were not common criminals; but the prophets that steal my words, saith Yahweh, every one from his neighbour, and use their tongues, and say, "He saith." Jer. 23:30. These prophets were not only thieves, but also swearers-they invoked the name of the Lord falsely.

"Both the prophet and the priest were profane; yea, in my house have I found their wickedness, saith Yahweh."

This was the moral condition of the leaders of the Jews who caused them to err, and brought the Chaldean desolation upon them, from which a remnant had just been saved. The roll, therefore, which Zechariah saw, related not to the past, but to the future; when the prophets and priests in Yahweh's house should become thieves and swearers falsely by his name. In due time the curses of the roll would be brought forth upon them to their utter destruction.

"They shall be consumed, together with the timber and stones of their house." Zech. 5:4.

Herald of the Kingdom and Age to Come, June 1858

6 And I said, What is it? And he said, This is an ephah [eifah (measuring basket)][measure of their wickedness] that goeth forth [going out]. He said moreover, This is their [perjurors] resemblance through all the earth [ kol ha'aretz].


The resemblance of these ecclesiastical thieves and false invokers of Yahweh's name, is an "Ephah going forth." It is the measure of their wickedness, which when filled up, would cause them to be brought forth from their land as their fathers were.

"This Ephah is their resemblance over all the earth."

But their wickedness which filled the measure is personified by a Woman, who is confined within the measure by a leaden weight indicative of their being destined for the furnace of Yahweh's anger, which should blow upon them like fire, and melt them as lead. Ezek. 22:18-22.

A measure of wickedness subjected to the melting fury of Yahweh inscribed upon the sides of the roll, is the signification of the Talent of Lead, the Woman, the Ephah, and the Roll. But in order to show whose wickedness is contained within the Ephah, Ezekiel's Two Women are attached by the Spirit to the Ephah. They were seen by Zechariah

"lifting up the Ephah, between the earth and the heavens,"

that is exalting wickedness to high places. These women are Aholah, or Samaria, and Aholibah, or Jerusalem, Ezek. 23:4, 5; the two capitals put representatively for the nation. At a future period of their history, Zechariah saw them in vision, "going forth," and "carrying the Ephah," or measure of their wickedness, with them into the land of the enemy that rends them with its "great iron teeth,"-the land of their captivity, where they build for their wickedness

"a house which should be established upon its own foundation,"

a house, destined, with its occupants, to be consumed "to the timber and stones thereof."

Herald of the Kingdom and Age to Come, June 1858

9 Then lifted I up mine eyes, and looked, and, behold, there came out two women [ nashim], and the wind [ruach] was in their wings [kenafayim]; for they had wings [kenafayim] like the [kenafayim] of a stork: and they lifted up the ephah [eifah] between the earth and the heaven [ha'aretz and HaShomayim].


The two women are represented with wings like the wings of a Stork. Moses classed the Stork with unclean birds; so that for them to have such wings, shows that they were lewd, or unclean women or communities. The Stork is also a bird of passage, migrating from one country to another, at an appointed time; hence the women-bearers of the ephah being stork-like in their means of flight were to migrate at an appropriate time from the land of their uncleanness.

The last feature of the symbol to be named is that, "the wind was in their wings." Wind is air in motion. When a bird flies the air fills its wings, and eddies into them, so as to waft it onward in the course of flight. The wings of the two women indicate that they were fugitive, and being stork-like, as we have said, that they were unclean and migratory.

But wings are of no use without air to fill them; and no bird can pass through the air without setting it in motion, or producing wind. A bird could not fly in vacuo. Hence, these unclean, and fugitively migratory communities must be propelled by wind. What is wind in relation to such?

"Terrors," says Job, pursue my soul as the wind." 30:15.

In Jer. 4:11-13, the coming in of an army swiftly and fiercely, destroying all before them, is expressed by a dry wind and a full wind. Thus,

"It shall be said to this people and to Jerusalem, A dry wind of the high places in the wilderness toward the daughter of my people, not to fan, nor to cleanse; even a full wind from those places shall come unto me. Now also will I give sentence against them. Behold, he (the Destroyer of the Gentiles) shall come up as clouds, and his chariots as a whirlwind: his horses are swifter than eagles. Woe unto us! for we are spoiled."

This was the kind of wind that was in the stork-like wings of the two ephah-bearing women. They were borne on the wings of the wind into the land of the spoiler.

Herald of the Kingdom and Age to Come, June 1858

10 Then said I to the angel [malach] that [spoke] with me, Whither [are these taking the eifah?]

...the Roll Flying and the Ephah, was a symbolical representation to Zechariah of a captivity of Jerusalem and Samaria in a period of judgment subsequently to his time.

Hence in searching out the meaning of the vision, we have to consult the history of the Jews posterior to the times of the prophet, and to ask of it this question

-What going forth or captivity, on account of wickedness has happened to Judah, since her return from the seventy years in Babylon?

The only answer that history gives, and therefore, the only answer that can be given is the "going forth" compelled by that dry and full destroying wind which swept over the land as a whirlwind, when the legions of the Little Horn of the Goat came from the eastern frontiers of the empire; and planted their Eagles before the walls of Jerusalem, under Vespasian and Titus.

It was the prophecy of Daniel in ch. 8:9-12; 23-25: 9:26, 27, symbolically reproduced before the mind of Zechariah; and embodied by the Lord Jesus in his denunciations of the ecclesiastical thieves and perjurers, who "filled up the measure" or Ephah "of their fathers" in crucifying him; in rejecting and perverting the glad tidings of Yahweh's kingdom and name; and imprisoning, banishing, and killing the apostles whom he sent to them: so that upon Jerusalem and Samaria, with all that adhered to their wickedness, personified in the Apocalypse as

"that Woman Jezebel, who styles herself a prophetess, teaching and seducing the Lord's servants to commit fornication, and to eat things sacrificed to idols" ch. 2:20,

upon her came all the righteous blood shed upon the land from the blood of righteous Abel even to the blood of Zechariah son of Barachus, whom they slew in the siege between the temple and the altar-all came upon this generation. Matt. 23:32-36.

But the wind in their wings, was not to fan, nor to cleanse, but to spoil, and send the women and their wickedness of the Ephah, forth from the land they had defiled.

That "wicked generation" was as a man exorcised of an unclean spirit; but afterwards repossessed of one seven times more wicked. John the Baptist had ministered to all Jerusalem, and all Judea, and all the region round about Jordan," the immersion of repentance, on the confession of their sins; and many of the Pharisees, and Sadducees even, came to be baptized. Matt. 3:5-7.

This was a great national repentance; a casting out of the unclean spirit, an emptying, sweeping, and garnishing of the house of Judah, which now waited for the manifestation of the King of Israel, whom John proclaimed to be in their midst, though unknown to him and them.

But when their attention was directed to Jesus of Nazareth, the Son of Mary; who was claimed by a voice from heaven, and designated by the descending Spirit in dove-like form, as Son of God: they

"saw no form nor comeliness; nor beauty in him, that they should desire him."

This national feeling of disappointment, was aggravated by the rulers, whose hypocrisy he unveiled and denounced. The old spirit of evil sevenfold increased, effected its entrance into the house of Judah, and dwelt there.

Under its inspiration, Jesus was despised and rejected; they hid their faces from him, and esteemed him not. They oppressed and afflicted him; and though he had borne their griefs, and carried their sorrows, healing their diseases; yet they scourged, imprisoned, and ignominiously crucified him between thieves. Isa. 53.

Thus Jerusalem that killed the prophets, and stoned those that were sent unto her, when she had added to her crimes the death of Jesus, and the iniquity of the subsequent forty years, had attained to the consummation of transgression, and nothing remained but for

"her house to be left to her desolate."

So that though the first of that generation was bad enough, its last condition was worse. In the green tree they had crucified the Holy and the Just One; in the dry, there was no abomination they eschewed. The ephah was filled, and the lead for the furnace rested upon it, to be melted when the fire should be kindled in Zion.

Herald of the Kingdom and Age to Come, June 1858

11 And he said unto me, To build it an house [bais [i.e., ziggurat]] in the land of Shinar [Babylon]: and it shall be established [placed there], and set there upon her own base.

When the Apostacy in Judea was fully matured, the Ephah contained the Woman under the Talent of Lead; and when the Mosaic Law and Institutions had vanished away as the result of the desolation of the Temple, all that were not slain or imprisoned, became sojourners in the lands of the Little Horn of the Goat.

This national dispersion of the Jews, was the flight of the two women into the countries of the Fourth Beast dominion, then pagan. In their flight, the Judaic Apostacy from the Christian Faith, was not left in Judea, to grow up into a papacy there. But having been formed and organized in that country, and propagated from that centre, it was expelled from thence, and driven by the national calamity, the wind in the stork-like wings of the two women, out of Canaan that

"they might build for her a house in the land of Shinar."

This saying connects the Judaic Apostacy with the Babylon of the Apocalypse-that "they," the Harlot-Judaizers of Judea and, Samaria, "might build for her‮" ‬the‮ ‬Wickedness,‮ ‬or‮ ‬Falsehood,‭ ‬rishah,‭ ‬systematized by them,‭ ‬and symbolized by the Ephah,‭ ‬Woman and Lead,‭ ‬they bore with them in their flight,‭ "‬a house,‮" ‬or‮ ‬kingdom,‮ "‬in‮ ‬the‮ ‬land‮ ‬of‮ ‬Shinar,‮" ‬into‮ ‬which‮ ‬they‮ ‬were‮ ‬expelled.

‎‮ ‬The‮ ‬house‮ ‬of‮ ‬Judah‮ ‬in‮ ‬which‮ ‬Christianity‮ ‬was‮ ‬born‮ ‬and‮ ‬nourished‮ ‬and‮ ‬transformed‮ ‬by‮ "‬false‮ ‬brethren‮" ‬into‮ ‬a‮ ‬system‮ ‬of‮ ‬falsehood,‮ ‬had‮ ‬been‮ ‬demolished.‮ ‬If‮ ‬this‮ ‬had‮ ‬not‮ ‬come‮ ‬to‮ ‬pass,‮ ‬they‮ ‬would‮ ‬doubtless,‮ ‬in‮ ‬process‮ ‬of‮ ‬time,‮ ‬have‮ ‬got‮ ‬the‮ ‬upper‮ ‬hand‮ ‬in‮ ‬the‮ ‬Jewish‮ ‬State‮; ‬and‮ ‬have‮ ‬built‮ ‬for‮ ‬their‮ ‬Harlot‮ ‬of‮ ‬the‮ ‬Ephah,‮ ‬a‮ ‬kingdom‮ ‬in‮ ‬the‮ ‬native‮ ‬land‮ ‬of‮ ‬Christianity.

‎‮ ‬But‮ ‬the‮ ‬demolition‮ ‬of‮ ‬Judah‮'‬s‮ ‬commonwealth‮ ‬and‮ ‬the‮ ‬dispersion‮ ‬of‮ ‬the‮ ‬Jewish‮ ‬communities‮ ‬from‮ ‬Judea‮ ‬and‮ ‬Samaria‮ ‬compelled‮ ‬the‮ ‬adherents‮ ‬of‮ ‬the‮ ‬Harlot‮ ‬of‮ ‬the‮ ‬Ephah,‮ ‬or‮ ‬Jezebel‮ ‬the‮ ‬Prophetess,‮ ‬to‮ ‬build‮ ‬for‮ ‬her‮ ‬a‮ ‬home‮ ‬in‮ ‬some‮ ‬other‮ ‬region‮ ‬than‮ ‬the‮ ‬Holy‮ ‬Land.‮ ‬This‮ ‬other‮ ‬region‮ ‬is‮ ‬styled‮ ‬in‮ ‬Zech. ‮ ‬5:2, "‭ ‬eretz Shinar.‭

This phrase is as symbolical or representative,‭ ‬as the Ephah,‭ ‬the woman,‭ ‬the lead,‭ ‬and so forth,‭ ‬and consequently is no more to be interpreted of the Shinar where Nimrod flourished and his contemporaries built the tower of Babel,‭ ‬than that‭ "‬Ephah‭" ‬is to be interpreted of three pecks and three pints,‭ ‬or the woman therein of a literal woman shut up in a three-peck measure,‭ ‬under a cover of lead.‭

The literal and typical Land of Shinar was that country into which Aholah and Aholibah had gone forth because of profanity and falsehood against the Mosaic Law,‭ ‬and from which they had returned before Zechariah saw the vision of the Harlot of the Ephah.‭

That was the Shinar of the past,‭ ‬the Shinar of the Chaldeo-Babylonian Olahm,‭ ‬beginning with Nimrod and ending with Belshazzar.‭ ‬The Chaldeans,‭ ‬the rod of chastisement in Yahweh's hand,‭ ‬had blindly punished Judah and her companions for their apostasy from Moses,‭ ‬and had afterwards been punished in turn for their own crimes by the Medes and Persians.‭ ‬Thus,‭ ‬the Chaldeans being set aside,‭ ‬Judah and the nations entered upon a new cycle.‭ ‬The judgment on Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar,‭ ‬and the judgment on Babylon by Cyrus,‭ ‬had avenged the past.‭

A new era was now commenced,‭ ‬as indicated in Yahweh's words,‭ ‬by Haggai,‭ ‬saying,‭

"‬Consider now from this day and forward,‭ ‬from the four and twentieth of the ninth month from the day that the foundation of Yahweh's Temple was laid,‭ ‬consider.‭ ‬Is the seed yet in the barn‭? ‬As yet the vine,‭ ‬and the fig tree,‭ ‬and the pomegranate,‭ ‬and the olive tree have not brought forth:‭ ‬from this day will I bless.‭"-‬Chap.‭ ‬2:19.‭

Judah was thus invited to faithfulness and consequent blessedness.‭ ‬Nevertheless,‭ ‬Yahweh,‭ ‬foreseeing that when Messiah should appear among them,‭ ‬and cause that system of truth to be proclaimed which was the great burden of the law and the prophets,‭ ‬they would become more wickedly apostate even by sevenfold than when carried off the land to Babylon,‭ ‬revealed it to Zechariah in the vision of the Harlot of the Ephah,‭ ‬who should dwell in a future Shinar,‭ ‬anticipated in its relations to Judah and her apostasy from Yahweh,‭ ‬to the Shinar of the past.

The word Shinar‮ ‬is‮ ‬derived‮ ‬from‮ ‬the‮ ‬nouns,,‭ ‬shain,‮ ‬a‮ ‬tooth,‮ ‬and,‭ ‬ār,‭ ‬an enemy‭; ‬it means,‭ ‬therefore,‭ ‬Enemy's Tooth,‭ ‬as‭ ‬Shinah signifies‭ ‬Father's Tooth.‭ ‬Hence,‭ ‬the phrase‭ ‬eretz Shinar means‭

‭"‬The land of the enemy's tooth.‭"

‬This was a very appropriate appellation for the region into which the Harlot of the Ephah was to be transplanted,‭ ‬and to acquire a house set up upon the foundation of her own wickedness.‭

The Fourth Beast,‭ ‬in Daniel's vision,‭ ‬the Beast of the

"‬Great Iron Teeth,‭"

had been a wind in the stork-like wings of the two women by whom the Harlot of the Ephah was carried forth‭; ‬and the testimony of the Apocalypse,‭ ‬as we have already seen,‭ ‬reveals her subsequent existence,‭ ‬with all the impudence of a harlot and pretended prophetess,‭ ‬in the midst of the seven Ecclesias of Asia Minor.‭

This was a province of the dominion of the Great Iron Teeth,‭ ‬the enemy of Jews by nature and of Jews by grace‭; ‬in other words,‭ ‬the land of the enemy's tooth,‭ ‬or Shinar's Land,‭ ‬where‭

‭"‬Babylon the Great‭"

‭ ‬was to be built up for Jezebel,‭ ‬the Harlot of the Ephah,‭ ‬by those

"‬who say they are Jews and are not,‭ ‬but do lie,‭ ‬and are of the Synagogue of Satan.‭"-‬Apoc.‭ ‬2:9‭; ‬3:9

‭-‬the two women that carry the Ephah.

Herald of the Kingdom and Age to Come, June 1858