4 And he answered and said unto them, Have ye not read, that he which made them at the beginning made them male and female,

Mormons! No, Indeed!

The Christadelphians reject polygamy with loathing; people who call them Mormons know nothing about them truly. Mormonism, in their eyes, is one of the most contemptible impostures of the day.

The Christadelphians subject themselves to the teachings of the apostles in all things. They, therefore, recognise but one wife (Matt. 19:4; 1 Tim. 3:2, 12.) But, as to the ceremony of marriage, they do not read that the believers in the first century made any provision for its performance among themselves. The main thing was to see that marriage when performed was "in the Lord;" that is, that the parties to it should both be believers.

As to the ceremony itself—a very insignificant part of the business—they were enjoined to submit themselves to the ordinances of men for the Lord's sake.—(1 Pet. 2:13.) Marriage is a matter recognised and provided for in the public law of nations. Therefore, in this, the Christadelphians, like their brethren in the first century, submit to the powers that be.

Fortunately, they are under no necessity to have recourse to "the unclean and hateful birds" of Rome, or the officiating priests of her scarcely less objectionable daughters in England or Scotland. The law allows them to go to a civil officer, and to the civil officer (the registrar) they go, for the legal record which the law requires.

The Christadelphian, May 1873

5 And said, For this cause shall a man leave father and mother, and shall cleave to his wife: and they twain shall be one flesh?

When the Lord God presented the newly formed creature to her parent flesh, Adam said,

"this is now bone of my bone, and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called Ishah (or Outman), because she was taken out of Ish, or man. Therefore, shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife; and they shall be one flesh" (Gen. 2:21-24).

Thus, Adam pronounced upon himself the sentence that was to bind them together for weal or woe, until death should dissolve the union, and set them free for ever. This was marriage. It was based upon the great fact of her formation out of man; and consisted in Adam taking her to himself with her unconstrained consent.

There was no religious ceremonial to sanctify the institution; for the Lord Himself even abstained from pronouncing the union. No human ceremony can make marriage more holy than it is in the nature of things.

Superstition has made it "a sacrament," and, inconsistently enough, denied it, though "a holy sacrament," to the very priests she has appointed to administer it. But priests and superstition have no right to meddle with the matter; they only disturb the harmony, and destroy the beauty, of God's arrangements.

A declaration in the presence of the Lord Elohim, and the consent of the woman, before religion was instituted, is the only ceremonial recorded in the case. This, I believe, is the order of things among "the friends," or nearly so; and, if all their peculiarities were as Scriptural as this, there would be but little cause of complaint against them.

Elpis Israel 2.6.

6 Wherefore they are no more twain, but one flesh. What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder.

As to your question,‭ ‬we have submitted it to Dr.‭ ‬Thomas,‭ ‬who sits near at the time of writing.‭ ‬He says a believer in polygamy is not qualified for association with those who unite to carry out the apostles‭' ‬doctrine,‭ ‬however much he may know of the truth.‭ ‬There is in polygamy,‭ ‬he says,‭ ‬too much of the flesh and too little of the spirit,‭ ‬for those who seek to walk in the spirit and not to fulfil the lusts of the flesh.‭ - ‬Editor

The Christadelphian, April 1870

One Wife

Polygamy was practised under the law, but is not enjoined. Jesus gave the Jews to understand that some liberties allowed by the law in the matter of marriage were an accommodation to Israel's obdurateness (Matt. xix. 8). The lesson of Eden, at "the beginning" of which he speaks, was one wife: and the apostolic inculcation is the same (1 Tim. iii. 2).

As a rule,‭ ‬they are bad men who contend for plurality of wives on Bible grounds. The question is settled for every righteous-minded brother by the command to "be subject to every ordinance of man for the Lord's sake." The law of the country condemns polgamy.

This is enough,‭ ‬even if there were no higher grounds-which there are.

TC 11/1896

8 He saith unto them, Moses because of the hardness of your hearts suffered you to put away your wives: but from the beginning it was not so.

'...because of your pettiness, your carnalness, your fleshliness, your smallness of mind and heart, your obsession with your own comfort and satisfaction and pleasure, your inability to comprehend the true beauty and meaning of unselfish love and sacrifice -- the true meaning and purpose of life.

Bro Growcott - I Will Return To My First Husband

When is 'the beginning?'

It covers a space of several years, and includes the Creation-week; the probation before the fall, perhaps forty years, after the analogy of the forty days of Christ's probation in the wilderness; Israel's forty years under Moses; Judah's forty years to the destruction of the temple; and the future forty years probation for the ten tribes under Elijah: it includes also, the Fall; and the subsequent murder of Abel, when he had attained to manhood and ripeness of character, at some time before the birth of Seth, Adam being then 130 years old.

Herald of the Kingdom and Age to Come, Oct 1852

9 And I say unto you, Whosoever shall put away [apuleo - send away without giving her a bill of divorcement] his wife except it be for fornication, and shall marry another, committeth adultery: and whoso marrieth her which is put away doth commit adultery.

16 And, behold, one came and said unto him, Good Master, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life?

cp Marks' gospel: And when he was gone forth into the way, there came one running, and kneeled to him, and asked him, Good Master, what shall I do that I may inherit eternal life? (Mk 10: 17 - See comment from Nazareth Revisited)

( a young man of some sincerity and earnestness of character).

17 And he said unto him, Why callest thou me good? there is none good but one, that is, God: but if thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments.

There is one God, the Father...and one Lord, Jesus Anointed - 1 Cor. 8:4-7. behoves us to pause, and to look into the signification of certain words brought before us in these and other passages of the sacred writings. This is the more necessary, because the names of God which occur in the Bible are not arbitrary sounds; and one of the chief imperfections of the English authorized translation, or rather version, is the slovenly manner in which all the names by which God has been pleased to make himself known to his people, have been rendered, after the fashion of the Septuagint, by the two words, "Lord" and "God."

These words do not convey the ideas of the Spirit in its use of terms. Lord is of Saxon origin, and signifies monarch, ruler, governor, something supreme or distinguished. The word to which it answers in the Septuagint and New Testament is κυριος, kyrios. Under this word Parkhurst says,

"Plutarch informs us, that κυρος the name of Cyrus,‎‮ ‬who‮ ‬in‮ ‬Isa.‮ ‬44:28‮; ‬45:1,‮ ‬is‮ ‬called

koresh, did in Persic signify the Sun.‮ ‬This‮ ‬name,‮" ‬then,‮ ‬continues‮ ‬Parkhurst,‮ "‬seems‮ ‬an‮ ‬evident‮ ‬corruption‮ ‬of‮ ‬the‮ ‬Hebrew‮ ‬the sun‭; ‬and as the sun is manifestly the great‭ ‬ruler‮ ‬in‮ ‬material‮ ‬nature,‮ ‬and‮ ‬the‮ ‬idolators‮ ‬of‮ ‬several‮ ‬nations‮ ‬accordingly‮ ‬worshipped‮ ‬him‮ ‬under‮ ‬the‮ ‬title‮ ‬of‮ ‬melec,‭ ‬the King,‭ ‬and Baal,‭ ‬the Ruler,‭ ‬Lord,‭ ‬so from the same word may, I think, be deduced the Greek κυρος, kuros, authority, and, κυριος, kurios, lord; and even the word κυρω, kuro, to exist: for it was a heathen tenet, that the sun was self-existent. Thus, for instance, the Orphic Hymn Εις Ἡλιον 1. 3, calls him Αυτοφυνς, self-born."

But, if this be the radical idea of κυριος it fails to represent the meaning of Ail, Elohim, Shaddai YHWH; for all of which it is often, or rather, most frequently, and almost generally, used. The word Adōn, is properly enough rendered by Lord, or κυριος, in the singular; but not the other words, for which it should never be used. Elohim, Shaddai, and Adonai, are plural names of God, and require terms of the same number to express them.

The common use of God in the English language is as little justifiable as that of the word Lord. "God" in Saxon, signifies good; a meaning which cannot possibly be extracted from any of the names recited above. God is indeed good, exclusively so, as we are taught by Jesus himself while in the mortal state. In this sense, he refused to appropriate the word good, saying to one who styled himself so,

"Why callest thou me good? No one is good except one, that is God" Mat. 19:17.

Jesus was free from personal transgression, and therefore in character good; as he did not refer to character, he could only have had reference to nature, or to God as substance. He is good in the sense of being deathless or incorruptibility itself; which, when Jesus refused the term, did not define the nature of the Spirit tabernacling therein, was encumbered with.

"In me, that is, in my flesh," says Paul, "dwells no good thing."

God, then, whether in the sense of moral, or of material goodness, while it is a term expressive of the truth, is not a translation of any of the words before us; and when used in their stead, leaves the mind in the dark concerning the things they were intended to convey.

Herald of the Kingdom and Age to Come, Feb 1858

When Adam roamed in the beautiful fields of Eden he was not hampered with the shackles of sin, groaning under the bondage of corruption, with sorrow of heart and bodily pain. No; his home was one of "joy and gladness," and he "a living soul," neither mortal nor immortal, but entirely free from "the power of death."

But the transgression brought both a moral and physical change. His flesh and blood nature was then no longer free from the principle of death. There was infixed in it the seeds of decay, which ultimately brought forth death. His flesh became diabolos flesh, or "sinful flesh." Sin became a law of his being—a physical principal in his constitution.

This principle was denominated "sin in the flesh," and it was transmitted to all his descendants, Jesus Christ included, whose geneaology is traced back to Adam in the third chapter of Luke. If Adam had been obedient he would have entered eternal life without dying, because there was no sin in his flesh before he fell.

But with Christ it was quite different. In being born of Mary—"made of a woman"—he was "made sin," he became a partaker of the nature that had sin in its constitution—the law of sin and death in its members; and as that law had not been abrogated, Christ's obedience could not exempt him from death—he could not enter eternal life alone without dying.

In the nineteenth chapter of Matthew we read that a young man, in asking the Saviour a question, addressed him as "good master." In the Saviour's reply we find these words:

"Why callest though me good? there is none good but one, God."

In view of this statement we may ask: what was there about the Son of God that was not good? His moral character was peerless in perfection, and unparalleled in history. The excellence of his life and conduct was such as extorted from Pilate the declaration:

"I find no fault in him."

What was there in him, then, that was faulty or not good in the eye of the Spirit that spake through Jesus? It must be obvious to all that it was his defiled and unclean nature inherited from Adam through Abraham, David, and Mary. That nature originally "very good" and free from the principle of death, had been physically changed in this respect by the introduction of the law of sin and death in its members, and as Jesus was born with this nature, we can see how he, while being perfect morally, was yet not "very good" constitutionally or physically.

Had he been as perfect physically as he was morally, or as good physically as Adam was before the Fall, death would have had no claim on him whatever, and consequently there would have been an injustice committed in giving such an one over to death; and had he been as imperfect morally as he was physically, there would have been no resurrection and consequently no salvation. Both features were required in the plan of redemption that God

"might be just and the justifier of him that believeth."

The Christadelphian, Jan 1889

20 The young man saith unto him, All these things have I kept from my youth up: what lack I yet?

Two interpretations of his question suggest themselves. Either he came with a feeling of gratified self-confidence, seeking and expecting Jesus' commendation and assurance that he was an acceptable servant of God, or else - and this seems more likely - or else he had found that an outward compliance with all the commandments had not brought him peace, that he recognized within himself that he did "lack something yet," but knew not what it was. 

He may even have vaguely realized that as long as his treasure and his heart were divided between earthly and heavenly things, he could never have peace.

Bro Growcott - What shall we have therefore?

21 Jesus said unto him, If thou wilt be perfect, go and sell that thou hast, and give to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come and follow me.

Whether this answer was a surprise to the young man, or whether it was the one thing he expected and feared to hear, he could not then bring himself to face it, and he sadly went away. Jesus, in pity and love for him, remarked to his disciples, "how hard"- how, naturally speaking, impossible - "it was for a rich man to enter the Kingdom of God." Riches - possessing more than the basic necessities - are such a snare and handicap in the way of life. They make it so hard for a man to deny himself, and take up the cross and follow Jesus in true and selfless humility.

Bro Growcott - What shall we have therefore?

23 Then said Jesus unto his disciples, Verily I say unto you, That a rich man shall hardly enter into the kingdom of heaven.

The profession of apostolic Christianity has made many a rich man poor; but we have never heard, or read, of the poor man who has been enriched by it as pertaining to the good things of this present life.

We are not placed here to accumulate riches for those who may come after us; but to labour for the truth, in doing the truth ourselves, and in contributing to its establishment, in our own day and generation.

In occupying our time thus, we labour for the meat which endures to everlasting life. We do not believe that in the midst of so much ignorance, superstition, unbelief and woe as now prevails in the nominal household of faith, that a Christian can die rich, and possess the kingdom. It is easier for a camel to pass through a needle's eye.

Bro Thomas, The Faith in the Last Days, page 240

24 And again I say unto you, It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God.


The passage from the New Testament,‭ "‬It is easier for a camel,‭ &‬c.‭" ‬has perplexed many good men who have read literally.‭ ‬In Oriental cities,‭ ‬there are in the large gates small and very low apertures,‭ ‬called metaphorically‭ "‬needles‭' ‬eyes,‭" ‬just as we talk of windows on ship board as‭ "‬bulls‭' ‬eyes.‭"

These entrances are too narrow for a camel to pass through them in the ordinary manner,‭ ‬even if unloaded.‭ ‬When a loaded camel has to pass through one of the entrances,‭ ‬it kneels down,‭ ‬its load is removed,‭ ‬and then it shuffles through on its knees.‭ "‬Yesterday,‭" ‬writes Lady Duff Gordon,‭ ‬from Cairo,‭ "‬I saw a camel go through the eye of a needle-that is,‭ ‬the low-arched door of an enclosure.‭

He must kneel and bow his head,‭ ‬to creep through‭; ‬and thus the rich man must humble himself.‭"

‭The Christadelphian, Jan 1874. p12

27 Then answered Peter and said unto him, Behold, we have forsaken all, and followed thee; what shall we have therefore?

Jesus said to Peter that a man who made sacrifices

'for the kingdom of God's sake, should receive in the Age to Come age-life' (en too aiooni too erchomenoo zooeen aioonion.)

Thus, it was Age-life and Age-punishment at the introduction of the Age to Come of which he treated in his discourse to the people.

...In addition to what has been said illustrative of this, I may cite the words euanghelion aioonion, in the English version rendered everlasting gospel. Now, it is not to be conceived that aioonion expresses continuance here.

The proclamation called gospel is not to be an everlasting proclamation; for when it is rejected it will cease to be proclaimed; and when the kingdom of which it treats is set up, it will have ceased to be a matter of faith; it will be an accomplished fact, and consequently there will be no more good news to announce for faith concerning it.

The ainoonian gospel is the gospel of the Aioon, or the Age-Gospel—the glad tidings of the coming Age, of which Jesus is the founder. The life promised to believers belongs to this age; it is therefore aioonian. It does not belong to the Mosaic Age, nor to the Times of the Gentiles; so that men dying under the Law, and under the reign of Antichrist, even if they had 'spirits' capable of a disembodied existence, could not enter into the promised life at death.

It belongs to the Age treated of in the gospel, and cannot be obtained till then; for it is not till the introducing of that Age that the dead are raised. It is the Age-Life of the Age-Gospel, and therefore ainoonian.

Herald of the Kingdom and Age to Come, Nov 1852

Peter drew attention to the fact that they (the disciples) were not rich but poor, and that this poverty was in a large measure voluntary: upon which he invited Jesus to state to them the advantages of their sacrifice. In this, there was a mixture of child-like simplicity with just a trace of complacency verging on vain glory. This accounts for the double nature of Christ's answer [v28-30], which deals with both aspects of Peter's attitude.

What shall we have therefore?

It was a natural thought and a natural question. The mind usually turns to oneself and one's own welfare in relation to any circumstance that confronts them. Jesus' mind was filled with selfless pity for the young man who was turning his back on God's greatest treasure because he had the misfortune of being rich, but Peter's mind turned to a comparison with himself, and what he was going to get.

Jesus' reply is Divine and beautiful. First is the warm and comforting assurance that this faithful little band who had left all and followed him would sit on twelve thrones with him in his Kingdom. And he broadens the promise to include all, in whatever age and circumstance they may be, who forsake all worldly things for him. Then he adds, in gentle spirit rebuke of Peter's question, and gentle instruction in the more excellent way-

Bro Growcott - What shall we have therefore?

28 And Jesus said unto them, Verily I say unto you, That ye which have followed me, in the regeneration when the Son of man shall sit in the throne of his glory, ye also shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.

The regeneration also styled the Times of Restitution Acts 3: 21

First, Jesus deals with the sincere aspect. He tells the disciples frankly that the counterpart of their fellowship with him in the day of his contempt would be a participation in his power and glory, when he should sit upon his throne in the day of restitution.

In the year 74 after the birth of Jesus the kingdom was broken up, and the Mosaic covenant trampled under foot—not finally abolished, but temporarily suppressed, that it may be "changed" in certain essential and highly important particulars.

God has had no organized kingdom upon earth since its overthrow by the Roman power. The kingdom in the sense of its territory is where it always was; and its children, or subjects, "his people Israel," are to be found in every land, still in hope that the time will come when the kingdom will be restored again to them; and

"God will subdue the people under them, and the nations under their feet;"

for they do not forget the testimony, that

"the kingdom shall come to the daughter of Jerusalem," and that "the nation and kingdom that will not serve Zion shall perish; yea, those nations shall be utterly wasted."

The Heir of the kingdom is at the right hand of the Divine Majesty; and his joint-heirs, the most of them, mouldering and sleeping in the dust, with a few surviving stragglers still existing in the protestant section of the globe, enduring reproach and tribulation in the hope of its speedy and triumphant restitution

These are the dissolved and scattered fragments of the kingdom of God. Their reunion is a matter of promise, and consequently of hope. The Gentiles must be expelled the territory; the twelve tribes must be replanted upon the land; the sleeping heirs of the government must be awaked, and the living believers in this kingdom changed: and to effect all this, God's Heir, the Restorer of the Kingdom, must come and subdue all things to himself.

When these things shall come to pass, God will have "accomplished to scatter the power of the Holy people," that is, their power shall be no more scattered, but shall be restored to them: and He will have come whose right the kingdom is, and God will give it him.

Herald of the Kingdom and Age to Come, Aug 1851

29 And every one that hath forsaken houses, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for my name's sake, shall receive an hundredfold, and shall inherit everlasting life.

But He adds a statement that suggests a qualification...

30 But many that are first shall be last; and the last shall be first.

The mere giving up of worldly advantage for His sake would not ensure final acceptance with God unless the act were performed and accompanied with an acceptable spirit of modesty and self-abasement.

Nazareth Revisited Ch 30

Pray fervently to God that your MOTIVES may be right. Pray earnestly for His help to search your own heart and make it right. We may spend a busy lifetime doing great things for God and the Truth and His people, and get paeans of ego-building praise from everyone--except God. This is why "many that are first shall be last."

If our motives are tinged with self and pride and gratification of the flesh, then all our life's labours are less than worthless: worse than doing nothing at all, for it puts us deeper into the flesh than ever. Help must come from above.

The flesh is so deceptive that unguided man cannot discern his own motives, let alone correct them. A truly humble Bible student with spiritual discernment, is embarrassed by praise. It makes him acutely uncomfortable, for he realises how pitifully puny his highest "accomplishments" are. If we enjoy praise, we are in danger. If we seek praise, we are practically hopeless. If we cannot be happy without praise, we are just about a basket case, spiritually.

But there is always hope, if we study the Word continuously, and continuously seek God's help at self-analysis and self-searching. However, it will take a major and spiritual growing up, like getting rid of fat after a lifetime of babyish self-indulgence.

Bro Growcott