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1 The word of Yahweh came again unto me, saying,
2 Son of man, say unto the prince of Tyrus, Thus saith Adonai Yahweh; Because thine heart is lifted up, and thou hast said, I am El, I sit in the seat of Elohim, in the midst of the seas; yet thou art a man, and not El, though thou set thine heart as the heart of Elohim:
Most oriental monarchs made such claims; but this chapter seems to intimate-with its reference to cherubs, and Eden, and the precious stones of his garments (like the High Priest's breastplate) that the king of Tyre came much closer and more wickedly to aping the true God and His worship (with which he would be familiar).
Israel was being destroyed. Tyre was prosperous, seemingly secure in its island bastion and with its strong fleets, from Babylon's power. Tyre seems to have been trading on and abusing the privilege of its close relationship to Israel and Israel's God and claiming to be the inheritor of now-rejected Israel's blessings and position. This would give more force and meaning to the very unusual language of chapter 28. Certainly she rejoiced vindictively at Israel's fall, seeing therein the removal of a rival-
"Tyrus hath said against Jerusalem, Aha, she is broken that was the GATES of the people. She is turned unto me: I shall be replenished, now SHE is laid waste" (26:2).
It is clear from the history that the rivalry was both commercial and religious. For her arrogance, she was to be completely obliterated. She was destroyed several times, and she lost her world prominence, and commercial power and wealth, but it was many centuries before the prophecies of her permanent destruction were completely fulfilled.
Bro Growcott - Prophecies in the captivity
4 With thy wisdom and with thine understanding thou hast gotten thee riches, and hast gotten gold and silver into thy treasures:
Now, this is a common picture among the peoples and nations of the present day; and the spectacle of their undisturbed, unrighteous might is liable to trouble righteous minds. Because of this, how profitable to listen to the divine estimate of these things in the case of Tyre:
The application of these facts to our own day must be obvious in view of the existence of just precisely the same state of things. We are here in the midst of a small but great country, exercising a wide empire. Britain is the centre of the world's commerce. By reason of her wisdom in a variety of directions, she has multiplied riches; and because of her riches her heart is lifted up. Pride and arrogance prevail on every hand. It is considered the right sentiment to foster, nationally and individually.
Successful commerce is looked at as the result of skill wisely applied, and a man is considered to be justified in being proud of his abilities, and, therefore, of their results. The popular philosophy on this point is very shallow. The true key is struck in the words of Moses to Israel on the plains of Moab, on the eve of their entry into the land of promise. He told them of the prosperity that awaited them in the event of obedience, and then cautioned them against wrong "views" on the subject: He told them to beware, lest in the midst of their prosperity, they should say,
"My power and the might of mine hand hath gotten me this wealth. But thou shalt remember the Lord thy God: for it is he that giveth thee power to get wealth" (Deut. 8:17).
Now that a cherub is representative of an exalted Power is evident from Adonai-Yahweh's address to the Tyrian Royalty, in Ezek. 28:12-19; as
12. "Thus said Adonai-Yahweh:-- As a signet of curious engraving; Full of wisdom and perfect in splendour art thou.
13. Thou hast been in Eden, the garden of Elohim. Every precious stone thy covering; The ruby, the topaz, and the diamond,The beryl, the Onyx, and the jasper, The sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle. And the workmanship of thy tabrets and thy pipes was of gold in thee: In the day of thy being created they were prepared.
14. Thou 'Anointed Cherub', even I constitute thee a protector; On the holy mountain of the Elohim thou hast been; In sparkling gems, thou didst walk to and fro.
15. Thou hast been upright in thy dealings from the day of thy being created, until iniquity hath been found in thee.
16. Through the greatness of thy traffic they have filled thy midst (with) extortion; And thou hast sinned; therefore, I will break thee out of the mountain of Elohim. And, I will destroy thee, O protecting cherub, from amidst the sparkling gems.
17. Thine heart was lifted up because of thy splendour; Thou hast corrupted thy wisdom because of thy brilliancy; I will prostrate thee upon the earth. I will lay thee before kings to rejoice over thee.
18. From the greatness of thine iniquities through the unrighteousness of thy traffic. Thou hast polluted their holy places; Therefore, I will cause to come forth a fire from thy midst: It shall devour thee, and I will give thee for ashes upon the earth, In the eves of all observers.
19. All that know thee among the peoples were confounded because of thee; Thou shalt be calamities (to them), and nothing of thee till the Olahm."
In this quotation, more correctly and, therefore, more intelligibly translated than in the common version, a political power, headed up in the King of Tyre is styled an Anointed Cherub; and the reason appears to have been because Yahweh had "constituted it a Protector" of people, which function is signified by outspread wings, which are an important element of the Cherubic symbol. The Tyrian Power was an "anointed" Cherub in the same sense in which the Pagan Cyrus, King of Persia, was "Yahweh's Anointed," or Messiah, who was surnamed of Yahweh before his birth, and 176 years before he appeared upon the page of Bible history (Isaiah 45:1-4).
The Eternal Spirit created and rode the Tyrian Power, as in a chariot; and developed it as an element of that system of powers, whose relations to Israel in the days of Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and Daniel were allegorical of "the powers that be" in their relations to the Hebrew nation, when the Russian Nebuchadnezzar shall make war upon the Anglo-Syrian protector of the Jews in "the holy mountain of the Elohim," and cast it out in the epoch of the thief-like apocalypse of the Ancient of Days and his company of glorified myriads.
Phanerosis - Yahweh Manifested in Cherubim
19 All they that know thee among the people shall be astonished [appalled ] at thee: thou shalt be a terror, and never shalt thou be any more [ad olam].
The meaning of this is obvious to one acquainted with the history of the kingdom of Tyre. It was a royalty of Palestine in Upper Galilee, whose king, Hiram, was in intimate alliance with Solomon. He appears to have been a proselyte worshipper of the God of Israel; whom his successors some time afterwards forsook; and therefore God suppressed the kingdom of Tyre by Nebuchadnezzar for seventy years; and finally by the Greeks.
Elpis Israel 1.2.