2 KINGS 19

[Melachim Bais 19 Orthodox Jewish Bible (OJB)]

1 And it came to pass, when king Hezekiah [HaMelech Chizkiyahu] heard it, that he rent his clothes [tore his begadim], and covered himself with sackcloth, and went into the house [Beis] of Yahweh.

| Psalms 73:17 | Isaiah 22:12 | Jeremiah 36:24 | Jonah 3:8 | Matthew 11:21 | Matthew 26:65 | 1 Kings 21:29 | 2 Kings 5:7 | 2 Chronicles 7:15 | 2 Chronicles 7:16 | Ezra 9:3 | 1 Samuel 4:12 | 1 Kings 21:27 | 2 Kings 6:30 | 2 Kings 18:37 | Esther 4:1 | Psalms 35:13 | Genesis 37:34 | Job 1:20 | Isaiah 37:1  

With rent clothes and in covering of sackcloth, he submitted the matter to Yahweh in His temple, and at the same time sent a message to Isaiah, the prophet (v5).

2 And he sent Eliakim, which was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and the elders of the priests, covered with sackcloth, to Isaiah the prophet the son of Amoz.

| Matthew 4:14 | 2 Kings 22:13 | Luke 3:4 | 2 Chronicles 26:22 | Isaiah 2:1 | 2 Kings 18:18 | Isaiah 37:2 | Isaiah 1:1 | 

3 And they said unto him, Thus saith [Chizkiyahu], This day is a day of trouble, and of rebuke, and blasphemy: for the children are come to the birth, and there is not strength to bring forth.

| Isaiah 37:3 | Isaiah 66:9 | Jeremiah 30:5 | Hosea 6:1 | Hosea 13:13 | Psalms 39:11 | 2 Kings 18:32 | 2 Kings 18:29 | Job 5:19 | 2 Samuel 22:7 | Nehemiah 4:4 | Psalms 123:3 | 2 Chronicles 20:9 | Psalms 95:8 | Hosea 5:15 | Hebrews 3:15 | Isaiah 26:17 | 

4 It may be Yahweh thy Elohim will hear all the words of Rabshakeh, whom the king of Assyria his master hath sent to reproach the living Elohim; and will reprove the words which Yahweh thy Elohim hath heard: wherefore lift up thy prayer for the remnant that are left.

| 2 Samuel 16:12 | 2 Samuel 22:7 | 2 Kings 17:5 | 2 Kings 18:13 | 2 Kings 18:17 | 2 Kings 19:22 | 2 Chronicles 20:9 | 2 Chronicles 28:5 | Genesis 22:14 | Deuteronomy 32:36 | Joshua 14:12 | 1 Samuel 14:6 | Ezekiel 36:37 | Romans 9:27 | Jeremiah 33:3 | Psalms 50:21 | Psalms 65:2 | Psalms 74:18 | Psalms 74:22 | Isaiah 8:7 | Isaiah 37:4 | Isaiah 10:6 | James 5:16 | 2 Kings 18:35 | 2 Chronicles 32:20 | 1 Samuel 17:45 | Psalms 50:15 |


5 So the servants of king [Chizkiyahu] came to Isaiah.

| Isaiah 37:5 | 

6 And Isaiah said unto them, Thus shall ye say to your master, Thus saith Yahweh, Be not afraid of the words which thou hast heard, with which the servants of the king of Assyria have blasphemed me.

| Leviticus 26:8 | Revelations 13:6 | Isaiah 51:12 | Exodus 14:13 | Deuteronomy 20:1 | Joshua 11:6 | Isaiah 37:7 | 2 Kings 6:16 | 2 Kings 18:35 | Psalms 74:23 | 2 Chronicles 20:17 | 2 Chronicles 20:15 | Isaiah 37:6 | Psalms 74:18 | Isaiah 51:7 | 2 Kings 18:17 | Isaiah 41:10 | Deuteronomy 20:3 | 

7 Behold, I will send a blast upon him, and he shall hear a rumour, and shall return to his own land; and I will cause him to fall by the sword in his own land.

| Psalms 18:14 | Psalms 11:6 | 2 Kings 19:36 | 2 Kings 19:35 | 2 Kings 7:6 | Psalms 50:3 | Proverbs 21:1 | Jeremiah 51:46 | Jeremiah 51:1 | Jeremiah 49:14 | Isaiah 37:38 | Isaiah 37:37 | Isaiah 37:7 | Isaiah 11:4 | Isaiah 10:16 | Obadiah 1:1 | Job 4:9 | Job 15:21 | 2 Chronicles 32:21 | 

8 So Rabshakeh returned, and found the king of Assyria warring against Libnah: for he had heard that he was departed from Lachish.

| 2 Kings 18:17 | Joshua 15:42 | Joshua 15:39 | Joshua 12:15 | Joshua 12:11 | Micah 1:13 | 2 Kings 8:22 | Joshua 10:29 | 2 Kings 18:14 | Isaiah 37:8 | 

9 And when he heard say of Tirhakah king of Ethiopia, Behold, he is come out to fight against thee: he sent messengers again unto [Chizkiyahu], saying,

| Isaiah 37:9 | 1 Samuel 23:27 | 2 Kings 18:17 | 

10 Thus shall ye speak to [Chizkiyahu] king of Judah, saying, Let not thy Elohim in whom thou trustest deceive thee, saying, Jerusalem shall not be delivered into the hand of the king of Assyria.

| 2 Chronicles 32:2 | 2 Kings 18:30 | 2 Kings 18:29 | 2 Kings 18:5 | Isaiah 37:10 | 2 Chronicles 32:15 | 

11 Behold, thou hast heard what the kings of Assyria have done to all lands, by destroying them utterly: and shalt thou be delivered?

| Isaiah 10:11 | 2 Chronicles 32:10 | Isaiah 37:11 | 2 Kings 19:17 | Isaiah 10:8 | 2 Chronicles 32:13 | 2 Kings 17:5 | 

12 Have the gods of the nations delivered them which my fathers have destroyed; as Gozan, and Haran, and Rezeph, and the children of Eden which were in Thelasar?

| Genesis 2:8 | 1 Corinthians 8:4 | Acts 7:4 | 1 Chronicles 16:26 | 2 Kings 18:33 | Genesis 29:4 | 2 Kings 17:6 | 1 Chronicles 5:26 | Isaiah 37:12 | Ezekiel 27:23 | Genesis 11:31 | 

13 Where is the king of Hamath, and the king of Arpad, and the king of the city of Sepharvaim, of Hena, and Ivah?

| Jeremiah 39:5 | Isaiah 11:11 | 2 Kings 18:33 | Numbers 34:8 | Numbers 13:21 | Zechariah 9:2 | Jeremiah 49:23 | 2 Kings 18:34 | Isaiah 37:13 | 2 Kings 17:24 |

14 And [ Chizkiyah] received the letter [ sefarim (letters)] of the hand of the messengers [yad hamalachim], and read it: and [ Chizkiyah] went up into the house [Beis] of Yahweh, and spread it before Yahweh.

Hezekiah, having read the letter, was deeply distressed by it. What could he do? There was only one thing left him. There come times when all human resources fail. He went to the temple and spread it before the Lord, and submitted the matter to Yahweh in prayer. He acknowledged the prowess of the Assyrians against the divinities of the surrounding nations; but said...

15 And [Chizkiyah] prayed [davened] before Yahweh, and said, O Yahweh Elohim of [Yisroel], which dwellest between the cherubims [keruvim], Thou art the Elohim, even Thou alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth [kol mamlechot ha'aretz]; Thou hast made heaven and earth [Shomayim and HaAretz].


15 And [Chizkiyahu] prayed [davened] before Yahweh, and said, O Yahweh Elohim of [Yisroel], which dwellest between the cherubims [keruvim], Thou art the Elohim, even Thou alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth [kol mamlechot ha'aretz]; Thou hast made heaven and earth [Shomayim and HaAretz].

16 Yahweh, bow down thine ear, and hear: open, Yahweh, thine eyes, and see: and hear the words of Sennacherib, which hath sent him to reproach the living Elohim.

17 Of a truth, Yahweh, the kings of Assyria have destroyed the nations and their lands,

18 And have cast their gods into the fire: for they were no gods, but the work of men's hands, wood and stone: therefore they have destroyed them.

19 Now therefore, O Yahweh our Elohim, I beseech thee, save thou us out of his hand [yad], that all the kingdoms of the earth [kol mamlechot ha'aretz] may know that Thou art Yahweh Elohim, even Thou only.

Such a prayer from such a man received the direct and immediate response that characterised the Mosaic operations in Egypt, and which will again be a joyful experience upon earth when Yahweh by the hand of His Son returned, will "revive his work in the midst of the years."

Visible Hand of God Ch 30

20 Then Isaiah the son of Amoz sent to [Chizkiyahu], saying, Thus saith Yahweh Elohim of Israel, That which thou hast prayed to me against Sennacherib king of Assyria I have heard.

21 This is the word that Yahweh hath spoken concerning him; The virgin the daughter of Zion hath despised thee, and laughed thee to scorn; the daughter of Jerusalem hath shaken her head at thee.

22 Whom hast thou reproached and blasphemed? and against whom hast thou exalted thy voice, and lifted up thine eyes on high? even against the Holy One of Israel.

23 By thy messengers thou hast reproached Yahweh, and hast said, With the multitude of my chariots I am come up to the height of the mountains, to the sides of Lebanon, and will cut down the tall cedar trees thereof, and the choice fir trees thereof: and I will enter into the lodgings of his borders, and into the forest of his Carmel.

24 I have digged and drunk strange waters, and with the sole of my feet have I dried up all the rivers of besieged places.

25 Hast thou not heard long ago how I have done it, and of ancient times that I have formed it? now have I brought it to pass, that thou shouldest be to lay waste fenced cities into ruinous heaps.

26 Therefore their inhabitants were of small power, they were dismayed and confounded; they were as the grass of the field, and as the green herb, as the grass on the housetops, and as corn blasted before it be grown up.

27 But I know thy abode [sitting], and thy going out, and thy coming in, and thy rage against Me.

28 Because thy rage against Me and thy tumult [insolence] is come up into Mine ears, therefore I will put My hook in thy nose, and My bridle in thy lips [sfatayim], and I will turn thee back by the way [derech] by which thou camest.

Sennacherib was thus informed that his military capacities were of divine institution, for divine purposes. Sennacherib was thus exhibited in the light of a divine instrument for the working out of divine ends, though contemplating only ends of his own. Though a servant of Yahweh in fact, he was by intention an enemy of Him, as Yahweh testifies:

"I know thy rage against Me" (verse 27);

Which is a clear illustration of what we have often seen in the course of these chapters, that men, while acting under their own thoughts and feelings, as they imagine, may carry out a purpose of God of which they had no knowledge and less sympathy; and that a perfectly natural work, to all appearance, may in reality be of divine contrivance and purpose-a lesson valuable in the reading of the Signs of the Times and the interpretation of our own lives.

Ways of Providence Ch 21

29 And this shall be a sign unto thee, Ye shall eat this year such things as grow of themselves, and in the second year that which springeth of the same; and in the third year sow ye, and reap, and plant vineyards, and eat the fruits thereof.

30 And the remnant that is escaped of the house of Judah shall yet again take root downward, and bear fruit upward.

31 For out of Jerusalem shall go forth a remnant, and they that escape out of mount Zion: the zeal of Yahweh hosts shall do this.

32 Therefore thus saith Yahweh concerning the king of Assyria, He shall not come into this city, nor shoot an arrow there, nor come before it with shield, nor cast a bank against it.

33 By the way that he came, by the same shall he return, and shall not come into this city, saith Yahweh.

34 For I will defend this city, to save it, for mine own sake, and for my servant David's sake.

35 And it came to pass that night, that the angel of Yahweh went out, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians an 185 000: and when they arose early in the morning, behold, they were all dead corpses. 

The "Three Unclean Spirits Like Frogs"

Now, does it not strike the reader as remarkable that the coming of the Lord should be introduced in a prophecy like that concerning the frogs?

But singular as it may seem it is by no means accidental, but the best possible place for it, because it is intimately connected with their operations. It is mercifully introduced as a warning of what is about to happen at the crisis, that the believer may not be taken at unawares. It speaks to us in effect, saying,

"When you perceive the policy of the frog power acting upon the demon of Turkey, the demon of Austria, and the demon of Romanism, so as to cause them to assume an attitude tending to embroil the nations, you may then know that I, the Lord, am about to revisit the world stealthily."

Christ says,

"Behold I come as a thief."

That is, he comes as a thief comes when he is bent on stealing. A thief not only comes unexpectedly but he gets into the house with secresy. John, indeed, says

"He cometh with clouds and every eye shall see him, even those (kai hoitines) who pierced him; and all the tribes of the land shall mourn in his presence (ep 'auton.")

This, however, is affirmed of his appearance in Israel, when he shall make himself known to his brethren after the type of Joseph; which will be subsequently to the great battle in the valley of Megiddo.

The 185,000 Assyrians in the reign of Hezekiah felt the vengeance of the destroyer, but they saw him not; so I believe it will be at the battle of Armageddon, the kings and their armies will be overcome with dreadful slaughter, but they will not see the Avenger's person.

The work of the succeding forty years requires that so signal a revelation be witheld from them. Israel and the saints of the holy city will see the Lord; but not the nations at large.

The divine majesty is not prodigal of its manifestations. Men in the flesh, therefore, will I apprehend, believe in the presence of the Lord on earth as its imperial and pontifical ruler, as nations now believe in the existence and sovereignty of the Autocrat, the Sultan, the Emperor, or the Pope, of whom they have heard by the report of others, but whom they have not seen, and perhaps may never behold.

Men profess now to believe that the Lord Jesus is at the right hand of God; but hereafter they will believe that he is "reigning in Jerusalem before his Ancients gloriously;" and their faith if made perfect by works, will, doubtless, as now, be counted to them for righteousness.

Herald of the Kingdom and Age to Come, May 1851

36 So Sennacherib king of Assyria [Sancheriv Melech Ashur] departed, and went and returned, and dwelt at Nineveh.

v32-36 cp (Isaiah 37: 21-23).

Sennacherib was repulsed on the mountains of Palestine by supernatural power, which destroyed 185,000 of his troops in one night.

Gog is to be "turned back" after the same example; for saith the Lord Yahweh by Ezekiel,

 "I will repulse thee, and reduce thee to a sixth;" 

or in the Common Version,

"I will turn thee back, and leave but the sixth part of thee;"

that is, the reduction of the northern army to a sixth part, which flees with all speed from the place of slaughter, is the turning back of the Gogian power from Palestine.

Herald of the Kingdom and Age to Come, March 1855