1 KINGS 11
1 But king Solomon [Sh'lomo Hamelech] loved many strange women [nashim nokhriyyot rabbot (foreign women)], together with the daughter of [besides Bat] Pharaoh, women of the Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Zidonians, and Hittites [Moaviyyot, Ammoniyyot, Adomiyyot, Tzedeniyyot, Chittiyyot];
2 Of the nations [Goyim] concerning which Yahweh said unto the children of Israel [Bnei Yisroel], Ye shall not go in to them, neither shall they come in unto you: for surely they will turn away your heart [levav] after their gods: Solomon clave [Sh'lomo made his deveykus] unto these in love.
3 And he had 700 wives [nashim sarot sheva me'ot (seven hundred royal wives)] princesses, and 300 concubines [pilagshim]: and his wives turned away his heart [his nashim inclined libo].
How the mighty fall! With such great privileges, and divine blessing, Solomon multiplied wealth, women, weapons and worship. In so doing he brought misery upon himself, the throne and the kingdom. Under the canopy of the ivory throne there was no true and lasting satisfaction (Ecc. 1:2, 18; 2:11, 17). Wisdom was turned to folly, peace into tyranny, prosperity into misery and ruin. The king countenanced polygamy, polytheism, despotism. It was not merely that he had "many wives," but that they were "strange" (foreign) women, securing the throne by political and marital connections with occupied nations. Solomon permitted them to introduce spiritual adultery into Israel.
The Proverb of and for Solomon are full of warnings against such in the natural sense, and the Scriptures in the spiritual sense. Solomon permitted his multitudinous Bride licence; contrast the Greater than Solomon in Eph. 5:25-29. So the story of Solomon's sad decline is recorded, to remind us that in spite of his greatness and wisdom, the temptations of his position were too much. It needed a "greater than Solomon" to hold his position without wavering.
...The folly of Solomon leads to the unloosing of "Satan," and it awaits the coming of the Lord Yahshua (to bind "Satan" again: cp. Rev. 20:2) before there will be one to completely defeat the counsels of the flesh and to remove sin in the flesh. Thus the Wisdom of Solomon is to be seen in the books that flowed from his pen under inspiration, which reveal the true nature of the greater king who will ultimately rule on the throne of his father David. - GEM, Logos.
14 And Yahweh stirred up an adversary [raised up satan] unto Solomon [Sh'lomo], Hadad the Edomite [HaAdomi]: he was of the king's seed [zera HaMelech] in Edom.
Yahweh "stirred" them up.
The men themselves were not aware that Yahweh "stirred them up." They simply found themselves the subject of a propensity to be active and enterprising in the promotion of their own interest in antagonism to Solomon. They were instruments in the hands of Elohim for the punishment of Solomon.
The Ways of Providence Ch 18.