JUDGES 1
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[Shofetim 1 Orthodox Jewish Bible (OJB)]

Yahweh's judges (450 years)

1 Now after the death of Joshua [mot Yehoshua] it came to pass, that the children of Israel [Bnei Yisroel] asked Yahweh, saying, Who shall go up for us against the Canaanites [Kena'ani] first, to fight against them?

Our notes arising from a study series by Bro Jim Cowie 

[Tempting Yahweh in their unbelief : Where was their faith after all the great wonders and signs committed on their behalf!

'For us' - they wanted someone else to do the work - which Yahweh had substantially already completed before their eyes by destroying many enemies and strong peoples.

'first, to fight against them' - as though Yahweh had not already destroyed the greatest obstacles (the surrounding strong nations) preventing them attaining their inheritance.

The faithless children of Israel should not be asking this question. They had forgotten the often repeated promise of Yahweh 'I will send an angel before thee' - emphatic and repeated promises of deliverance see Ex 23. Nothing failed that he said he would do - yet here they demonstrated their lack of trust after all the great wonders He had done on their behalf including so recently under Joshua].

Undecided on this section of exposition above. This is Bro Cowie's viewpoint which we are not as yet convinced is proven. There appears to be no condemnation of the children of Israel for asking the question 'Who shall go up for us against the Canaanites first, to fight against them?' Perhaps it was a legitimate enquiry and a seeking for guidance as to who should be the national leader now Joshua was dead. Also bearing in mind Caleb had been appointed by Joshua.

The Canaanites were fearful and disorganised. They were all that stood between Israel and the consolidation of their inheritance.

What is the Canaanite that could prevent us obtaining our promised inheritance. We as individuals must kill our own Canaanites in order to enter that future rest. Canaan means to bow the knee ie humiliation. The body of our humiliation UNGOVERNED stands between us and salvation (Phill 3:21)

Yahweh has done everything he can for our salvation through the work of his son.

Yahoshua - the numerical value of this name is 888. Eight being the number of salvation. Excluding the apocalypse, the name Yahoshua (Yahweh's salvation) occurs 888 times in the New Testament.

(The apocalypse is omitted because it was given personally to John and the enlightened ecclesia)



5 And they found Adoni-Bezek in Bezek: and they fought against him, and they slew the Canaanites and the Perizzites [struck down the Kena'ani and the Perizzi.].

Adonibezek means lord of lightning. As a chief Canaanite he stood for the sophistry of the serpent thinking - one thing is quicker than lightning - the thought to sin!


6 [But Adoni-Bezek fled; and they pursued after him, and caught him, and cut off his thumbs and his big toes]. 

Didn't kill him, as commanded. Apostacy by Judah forshadowed Judaism (Judah-ism) which centuries later corrupted the early apostolic community.


7 And Adoni-Bezek said, 70 kings [melachim], having their thumbs and their great [big] toes cut off, gathered their meat under my table [picked up their scraps under my shulchan]: as I have done, so Elohim hath requited me. And they brought him to Jerusalem [Yerushalayim], and there he died.

Adonibezek had mutilated 70 kings and now believed Elohim was punishing him according to his own deeds. This was not the case. It was, rather, Judah's apostacy allowin him to live.

See Lev 8:23,24. The priests were consecrated - thumb indicating work, toe indicating walk. The ear for the mind. For Adonibezek, the great toes and thumbs were cut off but the carnal mind was left intact - a fatal flaw in Judah's judgement...failing to slay every breathing thing lying in the way to the promised kingdom.

The carnal mind must be suppressed by the power of the word. Judaism looked to external compliance while failing to purify the heart within. This is analogous to performing ecclesial functions in a perfunctory manner while the heart remains uncircumcised.



10 And Judah [Yehudah] went against the Canaanites [Kena'ani] that dwelt in Hebron [Chevron]: (now the name of [Chevron] before was Kirjatharba [Kiryat-Arba]:) and they slew [struck down] Sheshai, and Ahiman [Achiman], and Talmai.

Kirjatharba means The city of the Four (giants). Arba the father was already dead. These three giants slain (by Caleb v20 of the tribe of Judah) were descendents of Anakim (Josh 14:12-15).

There are 3 giants to be overcome in our lives - the lust of the eyes, the lust of the flesh and the pride of life. These stand in the way of our inheritance. Caleb slew the 3 giants of sinful flesh with the sword of the spirit in obedience to Yahweh.

The name Kirjatharba answering to four giants of the flesh was changed to Hebron meaning fellowship. Caleb found fellowship with Yahweh in his faithful actions to destroy sin that Yahweh's law might live among his people.