1 Woe [Hoy] (doom)]to the crown of pride [ateret ge'ut], to the [shikkorei Ephrayim (drunkards of Ephrayim)], whose glorious beauty is a fading flower [tzitz], which are on the head [rosh] of the fat [verdant] valleys [gey] of them that are overcome with wine [yayin]!
Speaking of the Power that should destroy the kingdom of the Ten Tribes, Isaiah says...
2 Behold [Hinei], Yahweh hath a mighty [chazak] and strong one, which as a tempest of hail [ barad] and a destroying storm, as a flood of mighty waters [mayim] overflowing, shall cast down to the earth with the hand [ha'aretz with the yad].
Hail from a Political heaven would not be literally frozen waters; but rather something injurious set in motion against the enemies of the hailing power.
When a government sends forth its armies to lay waste its adversaries and their countries with fire and sword, its troops are a storm, or plague, of hail; and every individual trooper is a hailstone of a certain weight.
3 The crown of pride, the drunkards of Ephraim, shall be trodden under feet:
4 And the glorious beauty, which is on the head of the fat valley, shall be a fading flower, and as the hasty fruit before the summer; which when he that looketh upon it seeth, while it is yet in his hand he eateth it up.
5 In that day shall Yahweh of hosts be for a crown of glory, and for a diadem of beauty, unto the residue of his people,
6 And for a spirit of judgment to him that sitteth in judgment, and for strength to them that turn the battle to the gate.
7 But they also have erred through wine, and through strong drink are out of the way; the priest and the prophet have erred through strong drink, they are swallowed up of wine, they are out of the way through strong drink; they err in vision, they stumble in judgment.
8 For all tables are full of vomit and filthiness, so that there is no place clean.
9 Whom shall he teach knowledge? and whom shall he make to understand doctrine? them that are weaned from the milk, and drawn from the breasts.
The Bible - The principle of its construction.
Its wisdom is diffused over all its contents. It is not concentrated anywhere. In this respect it is unlike a human composition which, in chapters and sections, aims at exhausting a particular topic. It is like the inner curtain of the Mosaic tabernacle: the blue and the purple and the fine-twined linen and the golden thread are everywhere through the fabric.
It is, however, unlike that fabric in this, that in some parts of it you find treasure not to be found in other parts. This peculiarity has two results: to acquire the mind of the Spirit revealed in the word, we must make ourselves acquainted with the whole, and the reading of it is a constant feast. It never loses its relish, but becomes sweeter to the taste with use. In this it is unlike all other books.
Bro Roberts - Walking worthily, Seasons 1: 39.
10 For precept must be upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, and there a little:
If we look at v9 for context ...The people have become childish and perhaps a child will understand more than the priests. Some translations suggest that v10 has reference to Israel mocking the prophets. For example
"For it is blah-blah upon blah-blah, blah-blah upon blah-blah, gah-gah upon gah-gah, gah-gah upon gah-gah, a little here, a little there" [Lexham English Bible].
This sums up their attitude to hearing the law. Drunken and childish. Isaiah is referencing the sullen and rebellious attitude of the people,
"For it is: Do this, do that, a rule for this, a rule for that; a little here, a little there." [NIV].
They were wearied by the teaching of the prophets which had become to them comparable to an irritating nursery rhyme
"For rule [is] on rule, rule on rule, line on line, line on line, A little here, a little there" - YLT
or as the KJV has it
"For precept must be upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, and there a little"
11 For with stammering lips [Scorned lip - YLT. Str 3932 to mock / deride/ speak barbarously in a foreign language/ buffoonish - Ges.] and another tongue [Assyrian - later Roman] will He [Yahweh though the agents of his vengeance] speak to this people.
Think this has reference to invaders, ...brought against The Land by Yahweh to occupy it in punishment for its scornful priesthood and rulers v14, and apostate people "we have made lies our refuge" v15
With men of other tongues and other lips will I speak unto this people; and yet for all that will they not hear me, saith the Lord - 1 Cor 14: 21
O Assyrian, the rod of mine anger, And the staff in their hand is mine indignation.
I will send him against an hypocritical nation, And against the people of my wrath will I give him a charge, To take the spoil, and to take the prey,
And to tread them down like the mire of the streets - Isa 10: 5,6.
12 To whom he said, This is the rest wherewith ye may cause the weary to rest; and this is the refreshing: yet they would not hear.
13 But the word of Yahweh was unto them precept upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, and there a little; that they might go, and fall backward, and be broken, and snared, and taken.
14 Wherefore hear the word of Yahweh, ye scornful men, that rule this people which is in Jerusalem.
15 Because ye have said, We have made a covenant with death, and with hell are we at agreement; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, it shall not come unto us: for we have made lies our refuge, and under falsehood have we hid ourselves:
16 Therefore thus saith Adonia Yahweh, Behold [Hineni], I lay in Zion [Tziyon] for a foundation a stone [even], a tried stone [even bochan], a precious corner stone [pinnat yikrat], a sure foundation: he that believeth [the ma'amin] shall not make haste [panic].
He [Yahoshua] is symbolized here by a stone, because he is so designated in the prophets. In setting forth the military prowess of Joseph's posterity beacharith hayamim, "in the last one of the days," he predicts that the arms of his hands shall be made strong by the Mighty One, the Ail and the Shaddai of Jacob, out of whom is the Shepherd, whom he styles "THE STONE OF ISRAEL" (Gen. xlix. 24,25).
This Shepherd-Stone is typified in the two onyx stones of the Aaronic ephod, upon which the names of the twelve tribes were engraved in the order of the birth of their fathers, and which were to be borne before Yahweh upon the two shoulders of the one man officiating as High Priest, for a memorial (Exod. xxviii. 9,12).
The prophet Isaiah also speaks of him to Judah thus: "Sanctify," saith he, "Yahweh Tz'vaoth himself, and let him be your fear, and let him be your dread. And he shall be for a sanctuary. But also for a Stone of stumbling, and for a Rock of offence to both the houses of Israel, for a gin and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem" (viii. 14).
This has in part been accomplished, and we wait now for this stone to be laid in the identical place where it was stumbled over; according to the words of the Spirit by the same prophet, saying, "Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a Stone, a tried stone, a precious corner stone, a sure foundation; he that believeth shall not be confounded" (xxviii. 16).
This is "the stone which the builders refused" which will then have "become the chief of the corner" (Psa. cxviii. 22), the head stone with Seven Eyes brought forth with shoutings of "Grace, grace, unto it!" (Zech. iii. 9; iv. 7,10).
Two precious stones are selected by the Spirit to represent the appearance of the Man enthroned. These are a Jasper and Sardius. The reason why two are indicated rather than one, is because THE KING is Spirit and Flesh in combination. Had he been mere flesh, or spirit uncombined with flesh, one stone would have answered every purpose; but being deity manifested in flesh, two precious stones were necessary: one to symbolize the Spirit, and the other to represent the Flesh.
'... the mission of the Stone is... to level the "Great Mountain," which, at his apocalypse, will be found "destroying the earth." ..."Yahweh will shake the heavens and the earth, and overthrow the throne of kingdoms, and destroy the strength of the kingdoms of the nations." These make up the great mountains to be levelled, or abolished, as symbolized in Apoc. 16:20.
In Jesus himself the foundation stone of a new order of things was being laid, as saith the prophet:
...The first step in the process was the begettal of the Son of Mary by the Spirit. The second, his growth and development in the ways of the Father. The third, his manifestation to Israel in the word and works of God. And now was about to be accomplished the next and most difficult of all, so far as Christ's submission was concerned: the public and official condemnation of sin in his crucifixion, which His nature qualified him to be the subject of, but not without all the suffering of the most sensitive of Adam's race.
His physical flesh and blood, as he was before his death, was identical with that which had prevailed upon earth from Adam downwards, characterised by the same weakness and mortality, arising from the same hereditary cause -- the sentence of death upon Adam. The nailing of his body to the cross was therefore a representative ritual, in which the rejection of the first Adam nature was signified, and the righteousness of God thereby declared.
As Paul affirms in Romans it was a "declaration of the righteousness of God for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God" (Rom. iii. 25). We morally identify ourselves with the transaction when we receive it in faith as God's appointed mode of reconciliation. Paul expresses it thus:
"Our old man is crucified with him, that the body of sin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve sin" (Rom. vi. 6).
Nazareth Revisited Ch 51
17 Judgment [Mishpat] also will I lay to the line [make as the measuring line], and righteousness [tzedakah] to the plummet [ plumbline]: and the hail [barad] shall sweep away the refuge [kazav] of lies, and the waters [mayim] shall overflow the hiding place.
Jesus and his Brethren, energized by Yahweh, the Eternal Spirit, descending as a tempest of hail, a destroying storm, will have beaten down the Assyrian, and swept away all refuges of lies.
The Laodicean Apostasy will have been demolished and for ever abolished; and "the smoke of the temple from the glory of the Deity, and from his power," will all have cleared away, and men will enter into the temple and go out no more (Isa. xxx. 30; xxviii. 2,17; xxxii. 19; Ezek. xxxviii. 22; Apoc. xi. 19; xv. 8; iii. 12; xvi. 17-21).
"IT IS DONE." "The Air" is purified of "the spirituals of wickedness in the heavenlies" (Eph. vi. 12), and nothing remains but for the victorious saints and the conquered world of nations to celebrate the victory.
18 And your covenant with death shall be disannulled, and your agreement with hell shall not stand; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, then ye shall be trodden down by it.
19 From the time that it goeth forth it shall take you: for morning by morning shall it pass over, by day and by night: and it shall be a vexation only to understand the report.
20 For the bed is shorter than that a man can stretch himself on it: and the covering narrower than that he can wrap himself in it.
21 For Yahweh shall rise up as in mount Perazim, he shall be wroth as in the valley of Gibeon, that he may do his work, his strange work; and bring to pass his act, his strange act.
22 Now therefore be ye not mockers, lest your bands be made strong: for I have heard from Adonai Yahweh of hosts a consumption, even determined upon the whole earth.
23 Give ye ear, and hear my voice; hearken, and hear my speech.
24 Doth the plowman plow all day to sow? doth he open and break the clods of his ground?
25 When he hath made plain the face thereof, doth he not cast abroad the fitches, and scatter the cummin, and cast in the principal wheat and the appointed barley and the rie in their place?
26 For his Elohim doth instruct him to discretion, and doth teach him.
27 For the fitches are not threshed with a threshing instrument, neither is a cart wheel turned about upon the cummin; but the fitches are beaten out with a staff, and the cummin with a rod.
28 Bread corn is bruised; because he will not ever be threshing it, nor break it with the wheel of his cart, nor bruise it with his horsemen.
29 This also cometh forth from Yahweh of hosts, which is wonderful in counsel, and excellent in working.